Washingtom,April4-The United States has more than 90millon families for the first time ,but each contains fewer people on average than ever ,the Census Bureau(统计局) reported today.
The 90,031,000 families in the United States averaged 2.64 members each as of last July 1. ―The reason is, in effect, changes in the age structure,‖ explained Campbell Gibson, a population researcher for the bureau. Most Americans born in the great explosion of births after World War II are mow in their 20‘s and 20‘s when they are most likely to set up families, he said.
The fact that many are doing so increased the number of families from 80.4million in 1980 to 88.8 million in 1986 and past the 90 million mark last summer . At the same time, the average number of people per family dropped from 2.75 in 1935 to 2.65 in 1986 and then to 2.64,Mr Gibson said.
By comparison, the 1970 Census found the average family contained 3.15 people Families averaged more than four people in 1939 and more than five in 1880. The growing number of ever- smaller families is still going on, but Mr Gibson pointed out that family growth was mot the same as population increase in the 1970‘s. The same age factors (因素) that are increasing the number of families also happened then, but in the 1970‘s the proportion(比例) of families in each age group was also growing .
That has not continued in the 1980‘s for a number of possible reasons, Mr Gibson said.
For example, in the 1880‘s more young people have chosen to remain home with their parents instead of setting up housekeeping on their own ,as many did in the 1970‘s. This could be caused by the increasing cost of housing, he said. Delays in marriage while was not the only factor for the family changes.
1.The smaller figure of families reported here is ______.
A.1980 B. 80,400,000 C. 2.64 D. 90 milion
2.How did Mr Gibsin explain the reason of the increase in families? ______
A.About 9.96million new families have been set up since 1980.
B.All the big families were split into smaller ones.
C.There is a great number of young people who are newly married.
D.There was a great explosion of births during the present Second World War.
3.What is the reporter‘s attitude (态度) toward the present situation?______
A.peopAle should get married at a later age .
B. The average number of family numbers should be 2.64.
C.It‘s not clear in the report.
A. A. D.Young people should set up housekeeping on their own ,as many did in the
4. From the last paragraph we may infer that _____.
A.delay in marriage will not help the number of families
B.Delay in marriage is the major factor of the family changes
C.The writer felt sorry that many young people now delay their marriages
D. There must be some other factors which have led to the slower family growth in the 1980‘s.
The famous director of a big and expensive movie planned to film a beautiful sunset over the ocean, so that the audiences could see his hero and heroine in front of it at the end of the film as
they said goodbye to each other for ever. He sent his camera crew(摄制组) out one evening to
film the sunset for him.
The next morning he said to the men, ―Have you provided me with the sunset?‖ ―No, sir.‖ The men answered.
The director was angry. ―Why not?‖ he asked.
―Well, sir,‖ one of the men answered,‖ we are on the east coast here, and the sun sets in the west. We can get a sunrise over the sea, if necessary, but not a sunset.‖
―But I want a sunset!‖ the director shouted.‖ Go to the airport, take the next flight to the west coast, and get one.‖
But then a young secretary had an idea,‖ Why don‘t you photograph a sunrise,‖ she suggested, ―and then play it backwards? Then it would look like a sunset.‖
―That‘s a good idea!‖ the director said. Then he turned to the camera crew and said,‖ Tomorrow morning I want you to get me a beautiful sunrise over the sea.‖
The camera crew went out early the next morning and filmed a bright sunrise over the beach in the middle of the beautiful bay(海湾).Then at nine o‘clock they took it to the director. ―Here it is, sir.‖ They said and gave it to him .He was very pleased.
They all went to the studio(摄影棚). ―All right,‖ the director explained, ―now our hero and heroine are going to say goodbye. Run the film backwards so that we can see the sunset‘ behind them.‖
The‖ sunset‖ began, but after a quarter of a minute, the director suddenly put his face in his hands and shouted to the camera crew to stop.
The birds in the film were flying backwards, and the waves on the sea were going away from the beach.
1.One evening, the director sent his camera crew out______.
A. to watch a beautiful sunset B. to find an actor and an actress C. to film a scene on the sea D. to meet the audience
2.Which of the following is NOT true?
A. The crew had to follow the secretary‘s advice.
B. If you want to see a sunrise, the east coast is the place to go to. C. The camera crew wasn‘t able to film the scene the first day. D. The director ordered his crew to stop filming the ―sunset‖ .
3.The director wanted to film the sunset over the ocean because______.
A. it went well with the separation of the hero and the heroine B. when they arrived at the beach it was already in the evening C. it was more moving than a sunrise
D. the ocean looked more beautiful at sunset
4.After the ―sunset‖ began, the director suddenly put his face in his hands______.
A. because he was moved to tears
B. as he saw everything in the film moving backwards
C. as the sunrise did not look as beautiful as he had imagined
D. because he was disappointed with the performance of the hero and heroine