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英语四级作文的写作技巧

2018-01-22 07:55:35 1190 1195

  要想英语四级考的好,写作技巧少不了。那么,下面是小编给大家介绍的英语四级作文的写作技巧,希望大家喜欢。

  英语四级作文的写作技巧:

  一审题

  我们拿到作文后第一件要做的事就是审题。审题的作用在于使你写作不跑题(如果跑题,条理和语言再好,也得不到及格分,甚至0分。)那末审题要审什么呢?

  1.体裁(议论文,说明文,描述文)

  审题就是要审作文的题材和体裁。因为什末样的体裁就会用什末样的题材去写。那末体裁包括那些呢?它包括议论文,说明文和描述文。从近些年看,四级作文不是单一的体裁,而是几种体裁的杂合体。例如:

  Directions: For this part ,your are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Trying to Be A Good University Student .You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese ) below :

  做合格大学生的必要性

  做合格大学生的必备条件(可以从德智体方面谈)

  我计划这样做

  很多人说这种类型的作文是议论文。这是片面的,因为,第一段要求写“...必要性”,这说明本段体裁是议论文;第二段要求写“...必备条件”,这说明本段要求写说明文;儿地三段要求写“...这样做”,这说明本段要求写描述文。所以在大多数情形下,四级作文是三种体裁的杂合体。

  2.根据不同体裁确定写作方法

  我们审题的目的就是根据不同体裁确定不同的写作方法。通过审题,我们可以看出四级作文大都是三段式。如上例第一段为议论体,第二段为说明体,地三段为描述体。而各种文体又不同的写作方式:

  议论文;要有论点和论据,而且往往从正反两方面来论述。例如上面第一段的思路是:做合格大学生,会怎末样(这是从正面论述);不能做合格的大学生,会怎么样(从反面论述);所以我们要做合格的大学生(结伦)。

  说明文:可以从几方面或几条来说明一个问题,就上作文而言,可以从方面(德智体)来说明合格大学生的必要性。

  描述文:一“人”为中心描述一个“做”的过程。与上两段相比,本段的主语多为人称代词,他要与第二段相互应进行描述。

  二确定主题句

  通过审题,我们知道该如何确定正确的写作思路。下边我们就谈如何些。第一部就是要写主题句。主题句是确保不跑题的前提,只有不跑题才有可得及格分。写主题句嘴保险的方法就是把中文提纲的各句译成英语。例如上述三段主题句分别为:

  It is very necessary to be a good university student . (议论体的主题句)

  There are several respects of necessities to be a good university student .(说明体的主题句)

  What I will do in the future is the following .(描述体主题句)

  如果要求句是英语就可以把它变成主题句,例如这样一篇作文:

  Good Health

  Importance of good health

  Ways to keep fit

  My own practice

  这样的作文的要求句就可以扩充成主题句。扩充后三段的主题句分别为:

  It is very important to have good health .(将名词 importance变成形容词important)

  There are four ways to keep fit for me .(用 there be 句型)

  My own practices are the following .(采用原词)

  三确保文章条理清楚

  保证不跑提示写作当中第一任务,第二个重要任务就是要做到条理清楚。对于议论文来说,正反面要清楚,对于说明文来说条理要清楚,对于描述文来说,谁干什么要清楚。就拿上例Good health 来说,第一段保持正反面要清楚救应这样写:正面(With good health ,we can...),反面(Without good health ,we can do nothing .We can’t do...)

  为了使文章更具有条理性,我们可以用first(ly) second(ly) third(ly)等副词,他们可以是文章的条例性更加突出。作文是主观题,想得告分就必须引起老师的主意,老师的时间很短(每篇作文只有一两分钟就要阅完),所以我们在列调试最好不用: To be with,... after that ,...And then, ... The next , ... The following , ... As last ... 。因为用这样的词语不利于老师看出你作文的条理性。

  四保证作文符合字数要求的十二句作文法

  考生一般都希望作文达到字数而又不至于写得太多,因为写得太多一方面暴露自己语言上的弱点,另一方面又会占用过多的时间。写得太多还易跑题,一个有效的方法就是十二句作文法。

  我们知道,四级作文都是三段式。我们算一下,如果我们在每一段中写上四句,即主题句加两三句扩展句和一个结论句就可以了。这样全篇在十二句左右,每一句十多个词,就又120-150个字。大家可以试图找一些作文题练一练。

  CET4、6作文过关技巧句型

  1.表示原因

  1)There are three reasons for this.

  2)The reasons for this are as follows.

  3)The reason for this is obvious.

  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.

  5)The reason for this is that...

  6)We have good reason to believe that...

  例如:

  There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people's living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

  注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。

  2.表示好处

  1)It has the following advantages.

  2)It does us a lot of good.

  3)It benefits us quite a lot.

  4)It is beneficial to us.

  5)It is of great benefit to us.

  例如:

  Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  3.表示坏处

  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.

  2)It does us much harm.

  3)It is harmfulto us.

  例如:

  However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.

  4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.

  2)We think it necessary to do sth.

  3)It plays an important role in our life.

  例如:

  Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

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