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初三的英语语法资料

时间:2022-02-23 13:09:25 基础英语 我要投稿

初三的英语语法资料

初三的英语语法资料1

  1. 与定冠词、指示代词、形容词性物主代词、名词所有格等连用时,应放在这些词之前而不是之后,并且一般还可在它们之间加介词of。如:

初三的英语语法资料

  All (Both) of the books are interesting. 所有这些(这两本)书都很有趣。

  All (Both) the books are interesting. 所有这些(这两本)书都很有趣。

  All (Both) of her children live abroad. 她的所有(两个)孩子都住在国外。

  All (Both) her children live abroad. 她的所有(两个)孩子都住在国外。

  All (Both) of these vases bought 10 years ago 所有这些(这一对)花瓶都是10年前买的。

  All (Both) these vases bought 10 years ago 所有这些(这一对)花瓶都是10年前买的。

  2. 在人称代词之前只能用 all of / both of(不能没有of),而在单独使用的名词(即没有其他词修饰)之前只能用 all / both(不能有of)。如:

  正:All (Both) of us are interested in it. 我们所有的人(两人)都对它有兴趣。

  误:All (Both) us are interested in it.

  正:All (Both) children like toys. 所有(两个)孩子都喜欢玩具。

  误:All (Both) of children like toys.

  3. 用作主语同位语时,其位置不一定是紧跟在主语之后,而通常放在行为动词之前,特殊动词(包括助动词、情态动词、动词be)之后。如:

  They were all (both) asleep. 我们都(俩都)睡着了。

  We have all (both) read the book. 我们都(俩都)读过这本书。

  若特殊动词单独使用,则all / both应放在它们之前。如:

  How kind they all are! 他们都是多么友好啊!

  You haven’t been there, but we both have. 你们没去过那儿,但我们俩去过。

  4. 两者均可与否定词连用,且均构成部分否定。如:

  Not all Americans like hamburgers. 不是所有美国人都喜欢汉堡包。

  Not both the girls like the same boy. 并不是两个女孩都喜欢这同一个男孩子。

  5. all有时单独使用,笼统地表示所有的人,此时通常具有复数意义;或笼统地表示所有的事物或现象等,此时通常具有单数意义。如:

  All is well with us. 我们一切都很顺利。

  All are present today. 今天全体出席了。

  比较:

  All is silent. 万籁俱寂。

  All are silent. 人人都沉默不语。

  这样用的all还可后接定语从句,指事物时通常用all that…的形式,指人时通常用all (those) who…这样的形式。如:

  All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的东西不都是金子。

  He has done all that is necessary. 他做了一切必须做的事情。

  All (those) who wish to apply must do so in writing. 所有愿申请者都必须提出书面申请。

  6. 单独使用的both无论表示人还是事物,均具有复数意义。如:

  Both were offered jobs immediately. 两人都被立即给予了工作。

  There were two dogs on the porch. Both were fast asleep. 门廊上有两条狗,都在熟睡。

  另外,all 还可用作副词,用法如下:

  1. 表示“完全”“全部”,其后可接形容词、副词、介词短语等。如:

  I’m all for your plan. 我完全赞成你的计划。

  She lives all by herself. 她一个人生活。

  The coffee went all over my trousers. 咖啡全洒在我裤子上了。

  I’m all for pubs being open all day. 我完全赞成酒馆整日营业。

  在口语中修饰形容词或副词,可表示“很”“非常”。如:

  He was all excited. 他兴奋极了。

  Now don’t get all upset about it. 别为那件事太烦恼了。

  2. 用于“the+比较级”之前,表示“更加”。如:

  If that is the case, all the better. 如果事实是那样,那就更好了。

  I feel all the better for that swim. 游泳之后,我感觉更舒服了.

初三的英语语法资料2

  1. They go as fast as they can.

  as…as sb. (one) can = as …as possible 尽可能地……

  as…as中间加原级的形容词或副词。例:

  I will work as hard as I can. 我将尽可能努力工作。

  He ran as fast as he could. 他拼命地跑。

  Please come here as soon as you can. 请尽快来这里。

  2. We call the first Olympic Games the ancient Olympics.

  我们把早期的运动会叫做古代奥运会。

  call sb. / sth. +n. 称呼某人/某物……,后面的名词作宾语补足语。

  例:We call the boy DaMao. 我们称呼那个男孩大毛。

  类似于这种可以用名词或名词短语作宾语补足语的动词有:

  name/call/make/choose/find/think等。例:

  We chose him our monitor at yesterday's class meeting.

  昨天班会我们选他当我们的班长。

  I find him a clever boy. 我觉得他是个聪明的孩子。

  3. It seemed that Zhuang Yong and Jenny Thompson, an American swimmer, had finished at the same time.

  看上去好像庄泳和美国游泳选手詹尼?汤姆森同时游完全程。

  以下几种方式可以表示看起来……,似乎……

  It seems that +从句

  seem to be +adj.

  seem +adj.

  例:Danny seemed excited. (Danny seemed to be excited.)

  丹尼似乎很激动。

  seem to do sth.

  例:When his wife's pet cat died, Alan didn't seem to care at all.

  艾伦妻子的宠猫死了,他好象一点也不在乎。

  4. Diving is one of the most popular events at the Olympics.

  潜水是奥运会欢迎的项目之一。

  one of… ……其中之一,后常加级及名词复数。例:

  Changjiang is one of the longest rivers in the world.

  长江是世界最长的河流之一。

  5. Make your country proud. 使你的.国家因你而自豪。

  proud作宾语补足语,修饰宾语your country;

  make的用法:

  make the bed 铺床 make tea 沏茶

  make dumplings 包饺子 make a car 制造汽车

  be made of 由……制成

  make sb. /sth. +n. 使某人/某物成为……

  made sb. /sth. +adj. 使某人/某物如何……

  make sb. /sth. do 使某人/某物做某事

  名词/形容词/do (不定式,省to),作宾语补足语。

  6. …his team came in twentieth. 他的队第二十名。

  twentieth 第二十

  整十数的序数词,变y为ie加th。例:

  ninety→ninetieth fifty→fiftieth

  7. We had such an interesting day at school today.

  我们今天在学校度过了这么有趣的一天。

  这句话也可以说成:We had so interesting a day at school today.

  such和so意思都是如此……/这样……,但用法不同。

  It is so interesting a film that we all want to see it once more.

  它是如此有趣的电影,我们都想再看一遍。

  Thanks a lot for sending me such beautiful pictures by e-mail!

  多谢你用e-mail给我发来这么漂亮的图片。

  He is so weak that he can't work on.

  他如此虚弱以致不能再继续工作。

  8. If I don't. I won't be able to sleep tonight.

  如果我不写下来的话,我今晚睡不着觉。

  此句是if构成的条件状语从句,要用一般现在时代替将来时。

  I'll go to the park with my friends if it doesn't rain tomorrow.

  如果明天不下雨,我要和朋友去公园。

  9. If he practises walking on pizzas, he'll do better next time.

  如果他保持练习在比萨饼上走的话,下次他会表现好一些。

  finish, enjoy, practise, keep, mind后常加动名词作宾语。例:

  You'd better practise speaking English both in and after class.

  你在课上课下练习说英语。