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时间:2022-12-08 11:41:11 英语短语 我要投稿




  初高中英语短语动词 篇1


  1.be known as/be famous as作为……而闻名

  be known for因……而出名

  be known to为……所知

  be known by凭……而知

  2.be married to与……结婚

  She is married to a musician.

  3.be tired of/with对……厌烦

  He is tired of/with this kind of life.

  =He is bored with this kind of life.

  4.be terrified at被……吓一跳

  He is terrified at the snake.

  5.be burdened with负重

  He is burdened with a heavy load.

  6.be crowded with挤满

  The shop is crowded with people.

  7.be dressed in穿着

  She is dressed in red.

  8.be experienced in对……有经验

  He is experienced in mending bikes.

  9.be equipped with装备

  They are equipped with guns and food.

  10.be furnished with提供,布置

  They are furnished with enough food.

  11.be engaged in sth从事,忙于(=be busy with sth)

  He has been engaged in writing novels.

  12.be engaged to与……订婚

  My daughter is engaged to a nice doctor.

  13.be about to do sth.正要做……

  I was just about to go swimming when our guide saw me and stopped me.

  14.be fit to do/be fit for胜任;适合于

  He is fit to do the work.

  These books are not fit for children.

  15.be worth doing值得做……

  The film is worth seeing again.

  16.be proud of以……而自影骄傲

  I am proud of being a Chinese.

  17.be used to sth./doing sth.习惯于……

  My grandpa is not used to living in the noisy city

  18.be content to do sth./with… 甘愿于干……;满足于……

  I am content with your work this time.

  19.be content with对……感到满意

  You should be content with what you have

  20.be up to应由……,轮到……

  It's up to her to answer the question.

  21.be meant/intended for打算给,打算用作

  Is this valuable painting meant for me?

  22.be connected with与……有联系

  He was also connected with the government.

  23.be crazy about对……狂热

  Many young people are crazy about Hip-Hop.


  1.break out爆发

  The Anti—Japanese War broke out in 1937.

  2.break in打断;闯入

  Two robbers broke in and robbed the bank of a lot of money.

  3.break into闯入;破门而入

  They broke into the uncle’s bedroom and found the man lying on the floor。dead.

  4.break away from脱离

  Lincoln said it was not fight for the south to break away from the union.

  5.break down(机器,车辆)坏了;失败了;摧毁;分解

  We are sorry to arrive late.but the car broke down.

  6.break through突破

  The marchers broke through the line of the police.

  7.break off折断;中断;断绝

  Let’s break off for half an hour and have some tea.

  8.break up驱散,拆散

  The police broke up the crowd.


  1.carry on进行

  He had learned enough English to carry on a conversation

  2.carry out执行;进行

  They were carrying out an important experiment.

  3.carry away拿走

  Please carry these desks away.

  4.carry off夺走,抢走

  Some unknown man carried off the prize


  1.call on拜访某人,号召

  We will call on Mr.Li tomorrow.

  We are called on to help those in trouble.

  2.call at拜访某地

  I called at your office yesterday, but you were not in

  3.call for需要;要求;邀约(人);取(物)

  Success called for hard work.

  call for a doctor去请医生

  4.call in 请来;收回

  Mother is badly i11.so call in a doctor at once.

  5.call up打电话;征召;回想起

  I called Tom up and told him the news.

  In most countries men are called up at the age of 18.

  As I grew up in a small town at the foot of a mountain, the visit to the village called up scenes of my childhood.


  1.catch/take/get hold of sth.抓住某物

  Catch/Get/Take hold of the rope.and I'll pull you up.

  2.catch up with赶上

  Work hard and I gin sure you are able to catch up with others in class.

  3.catch fire着火;烧着

  Last night a big building caught fire.

  4.catch sight of发现;看到

  When the mice caught sight of the cat,the mice run away as quickly as possible.

  5.hold up举起;阻滞(交通等);耽搁

  He held up one of his fingers and showed it to the class.

  In the rush hour the traffic is hold up.,.

  6.hold back阻止;控制

  We must hold them back from fighting.

  7.hold one’s breath憋住气,屏息

  How long can you hold your breath under water?

  8 hold out坚持;拿出

  We must hold out until help comes.


  1.come into…进入……状态

  come into being(事物、局面等)产生;形成

  The custom came into being long long ago.

  2.come along过来;快点

  Come along! It’s nearly eight o'clock.

  3.come out出来;出版

  How did the printing come out?

  4.come true实现

  I am sure your dream will come true one day.

  5.come back to life苏醒过来

  When the wounded soldier came back to life,he found himself in hospital.

  6.come to the point说到要点,触及问题实质

  7.come about发生,造成

  The event came about as he had predicted it.

  8.come across碰见

  You’re the most beautiful woman I've ever come across.

  同义词组:run across

  I came across an old friend in the street.

  9.come to all end结束

  Your duties here have come to an end.

  10.come to light为人所知,显露

  The robbery didn’t come to light until the next day

  11.come up with提出,想出

  He came up with a new suggestion


  1.do well in在某方面做得好

  My cousin is a sailor and he is doing very well in the navy

  2.do good to对……有好处

  Doing morning exercises will do good to your health.

  3.do harm to对……有害处

  Too much noise does harm to our health.

  4.do with处理

  What did you do with our goods?

  5.do sb.a favour帮某人的忙

  Will you do me a favour to carry it upstairs?

  6.do up系纽扣;梳理

  Look,your bottom isn’t done up.

  do up one’s hair梳理头发


  1.get in touch with同……取得联系

  2.get up起床

  He gets up very early every day.

  3.get back回来;取回

  1 will get back next weekend.

  4.get on上车

  You shouldn’t get on the bus until it has stopped completely

  5.get over克服;度过

  You’ll soon get over these difficulties.

  6.get off下车

  The bus stopped and the passengers got off.

  7.Get together相聚

  We should go to a restaurant to get together.

  8.get on/along well with与……相处融洽

  I am getting on well with my classmates.

  9.get into进人;陷入

  Don’t get into the habit of smoking.

  10.get into trouble陷入麻烦

  11.get in a word插话

  12.get rid of除掉

  We aye doing our best to get rid of pollution.

  13.get through通过;接通;完成;经历

  I tried to telephone you but I couldn’t get through.

  1 will be with you as soon as I get through this work

  14.get to到达

  He had to get to the other side of street to attend a meeting

  15.get about/around/round传开,传出去

  The news of the disaster soon get about.

  16.get across使理解

  The teacher tried to explain the problem,but the explanation did not get across to the class.

  17.get away离开

  1 was in a meeting and couldn’t get away.

  18.get down to(doing)sth.安心做,开始认真干

  You must get down to your studies this year.


  1.give up放弃

  I persuaded him to give up the foolish plan.

  2.give in屈服;投降

  He wouldn’t give in to the enemy.

  3.give out用完;耗尽

  Our food and water will give out soon.

  4.get out of从……出来,摆脱,

  He got out of debt.

  5.give away分发;捐赠;泄露

  He gave away most of his fortune to the poor work

  Please don’t give my secret away.

  6.give off放出

  This engine gives off lots of smoke and steam

  7.give back归还;恢复

  Living here has given me back my health.


  1.go ahead继续;干吧

  He went ahead with the work and got it done.

  一May I use your phone?

  ---Certainly.Go ahead.

  2.go by(时间)过去;经过(地点)

  Don’t let the good chance go by.

  3.go out(灯、火)熄灭

  When they arrived,the fire had gone out.

  4.go on(doing)继续做某事

  Please go on with your work.

  5.go on to do sth.接着做另外的事

  He went on to watch TV after he had finished his home一

  6.go over检查;复习

  When I came into the teacher's room,our teacher is going over our homework.

  7.go through完成;通过;经历;仔细检察

  During the night the computers go through the information.

  She went through one hardship after another.

  Mother went through the drawer looking for the sweater.

  I've gone through too much money this week.

  8.go all out(=try/do one’s best)竭尽全力

  They went all out to build the dam.

  9.go about开始着手,到处走动,传开

  How does one go about getting the information.

  10.go against违背

  They are going against our wishes.

  11.go back回家,追溯

  This festival goes back to Roman times.

  12.go for运用于,应用于’

  The medicine went for nothing.

  13.go in for参加,爱好

  She went in for a singing competition.

  14.go with相配

  I want some shoes to go with these trousers.

  15.go without不吃/喝/用

  The poor boy often has to go without supper.

  16.go beyond超过

  That’s going beyond a joke.

  17.go up上升,上涨

  The goods have gone up in quality.

  18.go down下降,降沉,下沉

  The moon has gone down.


  1.have a word with sb.和某人说句话

  Could you spare a few minutes? I want to have a word with

  2.have words with争吵

  They’ve had words with her about money.

  3.have(deep)effects on对……有(深远)影响

  The book has great effects on his life.

  4.have difficulty in/find difficulty in/have trouble in 做……有困难

  We have/find difficulty in writing the composition.

  We have trouble in writing the composition.


  1.keep on doing sth.继续或反复做某事

  Marx kept on studying English and using it when he lived in London.

  2.keep up坚持

  Keep up your courage and you will succeed.

  3.keep up with跟上

  She can’t keep up with others.

  4.keep back保留;阻止;隐瞒;拒留

  She was in deep sorrow。but she kept back her tears.

  5.keep away from远离

  Keep children away from fire.

  6.keep out of使……不进入

  In the ancient time, the Great Wall was built in order to keep enemy out of country.

  7.keep one’s word遵守诺言

  I am sure you will keep your word.

  8.keep in touch with与……保持联系

  We have kept in touch with each other by writing letters.

  9.keep silent保持沉默

  He kept silent.about the matter.

  10.keep/prevent/stop...from doing sth.制止(防止)……做某事

  The heavy rain kept us from going out.

  11.keep off使……远离

  Please keep off the grass.


  1.knock at敲(门、窗等)

  Yon should knock at the door before coming in.

  2.knock down撞倒

  They make sure the cows not knock the young trees down or eat the leaves..

  3.knock off撞掉下来

  A child ran into the street and knocked the woman off her bicycle.

  4.knock about连续打击/碰撞,漂泊,闲逛

  He has knocked about all over Asia.


  1.1ook up抬头;查阅

  You may look up new word in a dictionary.

  2.1ook out小心

  Look out! The pan is on fire.

  3.1ook into调查

  We’11 further look into the matter.

  4.1ook forward to盼望

  We look forward to knowing the results of the exam.

  5.1ook through仔细看;浏览

  You have to look through the papers before you hand them

  6.1ook up to尊敬

  Young children should look up to old people.

  7.1ook down upon瞧不起

  The days are gone when women were looked down upon

  8.1ook like看起来

  You look like your father.

  9.1ook on…as(=treat/consider/take/think of...as) 把……看作

  He looks on the computer as his friend.

  10.1ook after照顾

  When I am out,my husband looks after our baby.

  11.1ook for寻找

  What are you looking for?


  1.make a dive for向……猛冲

  The dog made a dive for the bone.

  2.make an apology to向……道歉

  He apologized/made an apology to her.

  3.be made up of组成

  Two thirds of the earth’s surface is made up of vast ocean.

  4.make up组成;化妆;打扮;补充;弥补;编造;捏造

  Great Britain and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom.

  It took her more than one hour to make up for the party

  Our losses have to be made up with more loans.

  The whole story is made up.

  5.make room for给……腾地方

  Would you like to make room for the old lady?

  6.make up one’s mind下决心

  I have made up my mind to work harder than before.

  7.make up for弥补

  We must make up for the time wasted before.

  8.make use of利用

  We should make full use of the books in the library

  9.make one’s way排除困难前进

  After the film ended we made our way out of cinema.

  10.make progress进步

  With the teacher's help,I have made much progress.

  11.make repairs修理

  They are making repairs in that building

  12.make a promise许诺言

  Father made a promise to buy me a new computer

  13.make a living谋生

  He began to make a living by himself when he was ten.

  14.make the best of尽量利用

  Mother didn’t enjoy his job,but she made the best of it

  15.make for走向,前往

  They set off by car and made for the nearest town.

  16.make out认出,理解

  We made out a figure in the darkness.

  It’s difficult to make out his ideas.

  17.make it成功,及时达到

  After hard—working.we made it at last.


  1.put away放好;收起来

  Put the books away after reading.

  2.put down记下;平息 .

  Put down the gentleman’s address.

  3.put out扑灭;出版

  It took the fire—fighters four hours to put out the fire

  4.put up举起;建造;张贴;公布,投宿

  Many new high buildings have been put up in our city

  5.put up with(=stand/bear)忍受

  He is prepared to put up with it for the time being

  6.put on穿上;上演;增加

  We will put on the new play next month.

  7.put off延期;拖延

  The sports meet will be put off because of the bad weather

  8.put through完成;(打电话)把……接通

  Can you put me through to this number?

  9.put forward提出建议,拨快(钟等)

  The doctor put forward a good suggestion.


  1.take up占用(时间;空间);从事

  The piano takes up too much space in the room


  We don’t allow taking books out of the reading room

  3.take sides站在……一边

  Switzerland didn’t take sides in the First World War.

  4.take place发生

  The strike took place just before liberation.

  5.take the place of代替

  Now cotton can be taken the place of by many other materials.

  6.take one’s place就座;代替某人职位

  They took their places before the meeting began.

  7.take it easy别着急

  Take it easy.and you are not badly i11.

  8.take off脱掉;起飞;成功

  The plane takes off at eight.

  They not just made progress but took off.

  9.take part in参加

  Martin Luther King took a leading part in the great march

  10.take pride in以……而自豪

  He took pride in being a student in Beijing University.

  11.take away(from)拿走;使停留,使离开

  The child was taken away from school,not allowed to at.

  12.take in欺骗,摄取

  take on雇用,接受(工作),呈现(品质、面貌)

  take over接管

  The pretty girl took in my feeling.

  You’d better take in some fruits.

  Yon have taken on too much

  The frogs can take on the colours of its background

  The new headmaster took over yesterday.

  He is taking over my job while I'm on holiday.


  1.turn up出现;开大(音量);到达,发生

  He didn’t turn up until two o'clock yesterday afternoon

  2.turn against背叛

  She will never turn against her country

  3.turn on旋开(电灯等)

  Turn on TV please..

  4.turn off关上(电灯等)

  Please turn off the light before you 1eave.

  5.turn down开小(音量)

  Would you mind turning down the radio?

  6.turn over翻转

  It is spring now,and peasants are turning over the fields

  7.turn in交出;交

  Jane turned in the wallet found at the school gate.

  8.turn to找某人寻求帮助;翻到;转向

  They always turn to me when they are in trouble.

  9.turn into变成

  It turned into a nice day.

  10.turn out结果是/关掉/查明/生产

  Do you think the crops will turn out well this year?

  The day turn out fine.

  The factory turns out 100 car8 per day.

  十九、动词help, hand, lead,die构成的`短语动词

  1.help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事

  I often help my mother with house work.

  2.help oneself to sth.尽管请便;请随便吃

  As you like fish,help yourself to it.

  3.hand in交上来

  You have to hand in your compositions before weekend.

  4.hand out分发

  Would you like to help me to hand out the books to your classmates?

  5.lead to sth./doing sth.导致

  Hard work can lead to Success.

  6.1ead a...1ife过……的生活

  Einstein led a simple life in America.

  7.die of死于……(内因)

  die from死于……(外因)

  The old man died of old age.

  Many old people died from air pollution in winter.

  8.die out灭绝

  This kind of bird is dying out.

  二十、动词tell, talk, speak,hear,ask, answer构成的短语动词

  1.talk to/with sb.和某人谈话

  The woman I talked to just now is in charge of the office.

  2.speak of/speak about大胆讲话;大声说出来

  He dared to speak about his opinion at the meeting.

  3.hear of听说

  I don’t know him.but I have heard of him.

  hear from接到某人的书信

  I haven’t heard from him for nearly a year.

  4.ask for要;请求

  He often asks his parents for money.

  5.ask sb.to do sth.要某人做某事

  ask sb.for sth.向某人要某物

  6.answer for对……负责

  You will have to answer for your behaviour one day


  1.send for派人去请

  The police were sent for as soon as the accident took place.

  2.send out发出(光亮等)

  The sun sends out light and heat.

  3.send up发射

  A number of man-made satellites have been sent up into space in the past few years.

  4.send off寄出,派遣;给……送行

  send in寄送某处进行处理 、

  Many of his friends sent him off at the airport. (see him off)

  He sent in 3 drawings for the competition.

  5.set about doing sth.(=set to do sth./set out to do sth./get down to doing sth.)开始……;着手……

  We’11 set about doing this next month.

  6.set out/off出发;开始

  We set out to work at five in the early morning and hoped to finish it before dark.

  7.set up建立;树立;设立

  Many new buildings have been set up in this area in the past ten years.

  8.set sb.free释放

  In the end all slaves were set free.

  set fire to/set…on fire放火烧……

  The man who set fire to the building was arrested.

  9.set an example to树立榜样

  His courage set an example to us.


  1.show sb.in领某人进来

  The man in charge of the shop came up to show us in.

  2.show sb.out领某人出去Please show the lady out.

  3.show sb.around领某人参观

  We were showed around the new factory by the chief engineer.

  4.point out指出

  If I have done anything wrong,please point it out

  5.point at指指点点

  In part of Asia you must not sit with feet pointing at another person.

  6.agree to do sth.同意做某事

  He agreed to help me with my English.

  7.agree with同意某人的意见;适合于

  He agreed with me at last.

  The climate here doesn’t agree with me.

  8.agree on意见一致

  The building of a new factory was agreed on last month.

  9.pay for付钱

  I paid 100 yuan for that shirt.

  10.pay off还清债务

  It took the couple ten years of hard work to pay off the debts.

  11.pay back把钱还回给某人

  I can lend the money to you on condition that you must pay it back in two days.


  1.try on试穿

  He is trying on a new suit.

  2.try out试用

  Any TV set must be tried out before it leaves the factory.

  3.try one’s best to do尽力去做……

  We all try our best to help others.

  4.wait for等待

  Hurry up! They must be waiting for us.

  5.wait on服侍;伺候

  Mrs.Smith waited on her husband from morning till night.

  初高中英语短语动词 篇2

  1. eat up吃光

  2. fall down倒下;跌倒

  3. find out找出;查明

  4. go back回去

  5. go on继续

  6. go out外出

  7. get back回来;取回

  8. grow up长大;成长

  9. get up起床

  10. go home回家

  11. hurry up赶快

  12. hold on不挂断;等一等

  13. look out留神;注意

  14. look over检查

  15. look up向上看;查阅

  16. move away搬走

  17. put on穿上;上演

  18. pass on传递

  19. run away逃跑

  20. ring up打电话

  21. set off出发;动身

  22. throw out乱丢;抛散

  23. turn on打开

  24. turn off关

  25. take out取出

  初高中英语短语动词 篇3

  1. trip over绊倒

  2. turn...over把……翻过来

  3. write down写下;记下

  4. wake up醒来

  5. work out算出;解出

  6. be late for迟到

  7. be angry with生气

  8. be busy with忙于

  9. be short for是……的简称

  10. be interested in对……感兴趣

  11. be famous for因……而著名

  12. be good at擅长

  13. be different from与……不同

  14. be good/bad for对……有益/害

  15. be friendly to对……友好

  16. take care of照料;照顾

  17. make room for给……腾出地方

  18. make friends with与……交朋友

  19. play a joke on戏弄某人

  20. have a look at看一看

  21. have a drink of喝一点

  22. say goodbye to告别;告辞

  23. be fed up with厌倦

  24. catch up with赶上

  25. go on with继续