a number of+复数，谓动用复数;the number of+复数，则用单数。
more than one+复数名词，谓动为单数。
a series/species/portion+of+名词，用单数。 many a+单数，谓动用单数。名词+and+名词表示一种概念时，用单数。
an average(total)of+复数后用复数，the average(total)of+复数后用单数。
a body of+复数，谓动用单数。
我们首先来看20xx年1月的第80题：But perhaps we should look at both sides of the coin before arriving hasty conclusions.本题中所考查的是短语动词。英语中有许多的短语动词，是很难从字面上判断其意义的。其中与介词构成短语的动词是最常见的。例如本题中的arrive，必须与at搭配成为短语动词之后才能与conclusion搭配。我们在分析题目的时候，发现有动宾搭配的时候，应该考虑该动词是否是一个短语动词，并进而分析构成该短语动词的介词有无遗漏。对于短语动词的熟悉是一个长期积累的过程，需要随时总结与记忆。以下是六级考试中常见到的短语动词：
account for, add up to, back up, break down, break away from, bleak out, break up, break in, break off, bring about, “bring up, bring out, bring down, build up, call off, call for, call on, carry out, check in, clear up, come off, come around, count on, cut down, cut off, do away with, dwell on, fall back on, fall out, get over, get out of, get at, give out, give up, give off, hang on, hold back, keep back from, keep up with, lay off, lay down, live up to, look into , look forward to, look over, make up, make out, pass away, put up with ,role out, run out of, set about, take over, take up, take in, take off, turn up, turn out, work out等。
还有一种常考的动词的用法就是语态。如20xx年1月第79题：One is surely justitied in his concern for the money and resources that they are poured into the space exploration.在本题中，由于从句的主语they与pour的关系是主动的，因而不可以用被动语态。在所分析的文字中包含谓语动词，那么应该分析是否是这方面的问题。其中应该重点分析主语与谓语动词的关系是主动还是被动。
我们首先来看20xx年6月的第73题：However.a second person thougt that this was more a question of civilized behavior as good manners.本题所考查的就是比较连接词的用法。从前文的more我们就可以看出，下文的as是不恰当的，正确的答案应是比较连接词than。一般来说，比较连接词所考查的重点集中在88与than的用法上。句意中是否还有比较意义是很容易辨别的，我们一旦觉察到句子有比较的意思，就应考虑是否是as与than的'用法混淆。
此外定语从句的连接词也是要特别注意的。我们看 20xx年6月的第74题：Instead，this other person told us a story，it he said was quite well known.在这里，句子的后半段很明显是一个非限制性的定语从句，所以应将it改为which。非限制性的定语从句的连接词在近几年的考试中反复出现，应该引起我们的重视。解决此类问题的方法是。凡是发现有复合句的分析对象，首先就要考虑从句的连接词。首先看是否有连接词，其次看连接词是否正确，尤其是which与 that的不同应用。 F.语言环境类错误的发现与解决
的。这类错误一般是一行中的关键词与上下文所体现出来的意思完全相反。例如20xx年6月第72题：A well—man. nered person…walks down a street he or she is constantly un-aware of others.本句的文意是一个有礼貌的人在街上走的时候是不会旁若无人的。而句中的unaware明显与句意是不符的。此类题的解决也较简单，那就是将不符合文意的词改为它的反义词即可。
Nowadays some people like to compare university study to mountain climbing-an activity that requires painstaking, persistent efforts and strong will if one expects to make it a success. In my opinion, university study and mountain climbing indeed have some similarities.
Firstly, both university study and mountain climbing require painstaking efforts. A student has many things to learn and will sure encounter lots of difficulties in the road of study; while a mountaineer will also face many difficulties before he or she reaches the peak of a mountain. Secondly, university study and mountain climbing require persistence. A university student should learn to accumulate knowledge for his or her ultimate exam, while a mountaineer should also learn to preserve energy for the ultimate challenge. Thirdly, a sustainable willpower is needed in both university study and mountain climbing. With many difficulties and frustrations around, a student or a mountaineer should face them with strong will.
Generally speaking, mountain climbing is not an easy thing, nor is university study. Though university study and mountain climbing are quite different, they actually have many things in common. Through the above analysis, we could conclude that dreams can only be achieved by painstaking efforts and strong will.
In recent years, Sinology, the study of Chinese traditional culture, literature, history, society etc, has become increasingly popular For instance, it is reported that many primary and secondary schools have set up courses of sinology, in which students are taught classical works by Chinese ancient educators and philosophers, like Confucius- Another good illustration is in the program CCTV Lecture Room famous scholars, e.g, Yu Dan, give lectures on Chinese ancient philosophies and literatures.
Sinology becomes prevalent due to the fact that it is of vital significance for both the individuals and the society. For one thing, Sinology is the essence of Chinese civilization with more than 5,000 years. Thus, for individuals, they can enlarge their scope of knowledge, enrich their experience and adapt themselves to the complicated society. For another, it is acknowledged that the rehabilitation of Sinology can contribute to the establishment of a harmonious society.
In my opinion, all Chinese people should inherit the merits of Sinology. To do so, we can read books by ourselves or to attend lectures on this issue. Besides, we have the gation to popularize introducing it to the world By doing so, we can not only inherit it but also make it glorious and prosperous.
With the development of the e-commerce, more and more people intend to do the shopping online，college students are no exception, becoming a relatively strong chasing power.
However, many students suffer from the addiction of online shopping, and hang out shopping websites has become an indispensable part of their life, which is a waste of time and money. What’s worse, paying too much attention to online shopping distract students from study, resulting in bad academic performance as well as poor self-development. While, some students objected, arguing that it is a way of releasing stress and online shopping do more good than harm to their life.
To conclude, college students addicted to online shopping is a certain outcome brought by the Internet economies yet could not be neglected. College students should treat online shopping seriously, utilizing it when in demand, never indulging in it and buy many goods without practical value.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How Should College Students Relieve Pressure? You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
How Should College Students Relieve Pressure?
Today’s college students face many pressures, mainly from parents’ expectation, study, economy, employment and all kinds of competition. Although pressure to some extent can provide motivation, overdue pressure has a serious negative effect. Pressure can destroy a student’s confidence. More seriously, it might make some students lose control of their emotions and behaviors.
Considering the great damage of overdue pressure, college students should learn to how to relieve pressure. First, we should have a right evaluation of ourselves so as to make use of advantages and avoid disadvantages. Second, we should set a clear aim of a struggle. The aim can give us motivation, and make us become active. Third, attending collective activities is an effective way to relieve pressure. Finally, if you find pressure is nearly beyond your control, you’d better turn to professional psychological guidance.
As to me, my pressure is mainly from future employment. In order to reduce it, I asked my parents help me analyse my advantages and disadvantages, and produce a more practical job objection. So my employment pressure was relieved greatly. Now I become confident in my future, and I do believe I can get an ideal job after my graduation.
Some people tend tostick to their positions all the time，as they think the longer one works in a particular field，the more skillful one will be at it.Some have been teachers all their lives.Some devote all their energy to scientific research.Such people love their work and turn out to be specialists in their own fields.They are usually high achievers.
Some are different.They are in the habit of job-hopping，for they always purpose what is new and stimulating.They never seem content with their present situations.They like to meetmore people，make more money and new acquaintances，so they hop from job to job.
As far as I am concerned，I am not in favour of constant job-hopping.I believe in a famous proverb，A rolling stone gather no moss.I want to be professionally strong.And I respect those who devote themselves to their affectionate jobs throughout their life.
1.No one can deny the fact that ...
2.The idea is hardly supported by facts.
3.Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...
4.Recent studies indicate that ...
5.There is sufficient evidence to show that ...
6.According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...
1.A good case in point is ...
2.As an illustration, we may take ...
3.Such examples might be given easily.
4....is often cited as an example.
1.It may give rise to a host of problems.
2.The immediate result it produces is ...
3.It will exercise a profound influence upon...
4.Its consequence can be so great that...
1.It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.
2.There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.
3.Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.
4.Many of us have been under the illusion that...
5.A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.
6.It makes no sense to argue for ...
7.Too much stress placed on ...may lead to ...
8.Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...
9.Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...
1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.
A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for) the phenomenon (problem).
2.The answer to this problem involves many factors.
3.The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
4.The factors that contribute to this situation include...
5.The change in ...largely results from the fact that...
6.We may blame ...,but the real causes are...
7.Part of the explanations for it is that ...
1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.
2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...
4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...
5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.
6.Like anything else, it has its faults.
7.A and B has several points in common.
8.A bears some resemblances to B.
9.However, the same is not applicable to B.
10. A and B differ in several ways.
11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.
12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.
13. The same is true of B.
14. Wondering as A is ,it has its drawbacks.
15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...
1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.
A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).
2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.
3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...
5. The change in ...largely results from the fact that...
6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...
7. Part of the explanations for it is that ...
1.强迫 coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to)、compel 代替force
2.扩大 magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is) 代替enlarge
3.赞扬 extol(stronger than praise)、compliment(polite and politic 代替praise
4.刻苦的 assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly 代替hard-working
5.艰巨的 arduous (if something is arduous、it is difficult and tiring、and involves a lot of efforts) 代替difficult
6.贫瘠的 barren、infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it) 代替poor (soil)
7.易碎的 brittle、vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically) 代替fragile
8.展示 demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to people. ) 代替show
9.公正的 impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something. ) 代替fair
10.袭击 assault (physically attack someone)、assail (attack violently) 代替attack
11.憎恶 abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons)、loathe(dislike very much) 代替dislike
12. 破坏 devastate (it means damage something very badly、or utterly destroy it. ) 代替ruin
13.总是 invariably(the same as always、but better than always) 代替always
14.永久的 perpetual(a perpetual state never changes)、immutable(something immutable will never change or be changed) 代替forever
15.吃惊 startle(it means surprise you slightly)、astound(surprise you to a large degree),astonish(the same as astound) 代替surprise
16.热情 zeal (a great enthusiasm)、fervency (sincere and enthusiasm) 代替enthusiasm
17.平静的,安静的 tranquil(calm and peaceful)、serene(calm and quiet) 代替quiet
18.错综复杂的 intricate(if something is intricate、it often has many small parts and details) 代替ccomplex
19.独自的 solitary (if someone is solitary、there is no one near him/her 代替lonely
20.非常小的 minuscule(very small)、minute 代替small