Publicizing Lists of Uncivilized Residents
To improve tbe behavior of its citizens, the government of X City has teamed with local media to release lists of uncivilized behavion. The lists have photos and basic information of offenders e. g, drivers brealdng traffic rules have their license-plate nurabers listed along with the time and location of the infraction. This has attracted particular public attention.
Some welcome the policy, believing it will deter people ftom poor behavior They say it will force people to behave themscives, or they will risk being named and shamed in the media. However, critics have complained that the initiative is an abuse of administrative power and is irresponsible* Citizens should certainly be held responsible for misconduct, they say, but the government should also create an environment to help people exercise self-discipline.
Personatlyt I agree that citizens should be responsible for their improper behavior but governments also do have a responsibility to improve their management. Besides, according to laws, law enforcement departments are entitled to give the proper punishments to violators of public regulations. It is, however, groundless for these governmental organs to publicly disgrace the rule- brcakcis.
Work Pressure 工作压力
Work pressure refers to the compelling force or influence that comes from one's work. Nowadays with the competition in the work field becoming more and more fierce (激烈), work pressure has become a serious problem for every person. It has held a growing attention.
Its negative effects can be seen from the two aspects. In the physical aspect, it does much harm to people's physical health. Put under the constant pressure to keep their competitive edge, people work harder. They may catch some diseases under exhausting conditions. In the psychological aspect, it can lead to some psychological disorders. Work pressure is closely relevant to worries about setback, failure, shrinking (裁员). If the pressure is too great or lasts too long, people might collapse under it.
Since work pressure can affect people in such a serious wayn how can we tackle it B People could relax or refresh themselves on weekends or on holidays. Optimism, confidence, efficiency, regular exercise are also remedies. Certainly people could not avoid it, but they could try to reduce its side effects and not to be burdened by it.
Creating a Green Campus
Recently, with the idea of making and maintaining "a green earth" being the focus of the society, "green campus" has become a more and more popular concept in universities or colleges, which, undoubtedly, will bring us an ever-lasting benefit to both our campus and our society.
The concept of " green campus" does not only mean a green environment but also refers to an environmental sense in people's mind. Campus plays a crucial role in educating the young generation and the consciousness of " green campus" will definitely produce a profound effect on students' various environmental protection activities after their graduation. What's more, the young generation is under the burden of severe environmental pollution and there are many problems waiting for them to solve.
To make "green campus" come true, firstly, it is necessary to work out effective principles for the development of sustainable and recyclable campus. Secondly, it calls for people's awareness of the serious pollution around us and actual action to reduce the waste. Last but not least, it is necessary to strengthen the ties between campus and society, so as to ensure that "green campus" can work smoothly with the co-effort of the whole society.
1)Sth will make our life more enjoyable, that is to say, sth can add color to the dull routine of every day life. 。。。能让我们的生活更美好，也就是说，。。。可以给我们枯燥的生活带来色彩
2)For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment 对于很多人来说，学习一门新技术占据了他们的生活和充实了他们的生活。
3)。。。。。, by occupying spare time so constructively, makes a person contented, with no time for boredom.。。。占据了某人大部分时间，使得某人没空想东想西(充实了某人生活)
4)What's more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work. 住校为学生省去了不少时间，这样学生可以把更多的时间用在学习上
5)Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. 一点一滴，这样做可以丰富我们的知识和拓宽我们的视野
6)For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.对于想过一种有意义的人来说，抽空学习一门新技术很重要
7)The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.兼职可以让学生们学习个人技巧，这样可以在找工作时更有竞争力
8)By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.学生不仅可以提高学习成绩，还可以获得在课本上学不到的工作经验
9)Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.
10)1Sth can produce positive effects on …in more than one way.什么东西可带来好影响 2Sth may bring about negative impacts on …什么东西可带来不好的影响
More and more college students choose self-help trayelijig rather than arranged tours when they plan to travel. The reason inay be that by ananging the route, booking cheaper hotels and taking cheaper transportation means 2.W by themselves, they can save a lot of money.
Convenient and economical as self-help traveling sounds, it still has some potential problems Perhaps the most important one is the safety hazard. Being alone without a group or a tour guide, a traveler may be helpless in face of danger, i.e. robbery, wild animal attacks, etc. In addition, they are more Eikely to be at risk of getting lost when traveling alone in a strange city or in the remote countryside.
In my view, self-help traveling can be exciting and challenging which is worth trying. However, before setting out alone on a tour, travelers should make good preparations. Besides, they should hear security in mind all the time and keep ia touch with their friends or relatives. By doing soa they can enjoy the pleasure of exploring a strange city safe and sound.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “The decisions that people make quickly are always wrong.” You can give an example or two to illustrate your point of view. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Not all the decisions made quickly are wrong
From my perspective, the rush decision may be wrong if it was made when we were in great anger or when wer were tempted by something. However, some decisions can be made instantly. We make decisions every day, and not every decision is so important that it needs our careful thought. For example, many white-collar workers go out to have lunch every weekday. Obviously, that simple decision does not need ten minutes to consider gains and losses. In some situations, there is not so much time for us to think twice, because the chance may be lost in any minute when we hesitate. For example, someone fells into the river and is drowning. In this case, most people will try to rescue the drowning one without delay. Another case is that sometimes we need to make quick decisions to grasp opportunities. As can be seen, the decisions that people make quickly are not always wrong, especially when we should follow our instinct in certain situations, such as emergencies and once in a lifetime chances.
The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.
First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).
In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you”ll necessarily benefit a lot from it. From Joozone.com.
Currently， XX has been the order of the day。 This does demonstrate the theory --- nothing is more valuable than XX It is clear that (1)。 If you (2)， as a result， your dreams will come true。 On the contrary， if you (3)。Failure will be following with you。 It turns out that all your plan falls through。 No one can deny another fact that (4)。You don't have to look very far to find out the truth， in respect that we all know (5)。It will exert a profound influence upon (6)。With reference to my standpoint， I think (7)。
注释: 1: XX的第一个优点2: 支持XX的做法3: 不支持XX的做法4: XX的第二个优点5: 举例证明优点二6: 说明XX优点三的影响大试
The importance of self-confidence currently， self-confidence has been the order of the day。 This does demonstrate the theory --- nothing is more valuable than self-confidence。 It is clear that (self-confidence means trust in one's abilities)。 If you (are full of self-confidence， it will bring your creative power to play， arouse your enthusiasm for work， and help you overcome difficulties)， as a result， your dreams will come true。
On the contrary， if you (have no confidence in yourself， there is little possibility that you would ever achieve anything)。 Failure will be following with you。It turns out that all your plan falls through。 No one can deny another fact that (self-confidence gives you light when you are in dark and encouragement when you are dismayed)。 You don’t have to look very far to find out the truth， in respect that we all know (the secret of Marrier Curie lies in perseverance and self-confidence， the latter in particular)。 It will exert a profound influence upon (the achievement of one's ambitions)。 With reference to my standpoint， I think (he that can have self-confidence can have what he will)。
In recent years， XX has caused a heated debate on (1)。 The factors for… (2) 。First of all， (3)。 Then， there comes a case that (4)。 Moreover， …。 (5)。 Especially when (6)。 Indeed， these unique points can be collected the remind people that (7)。 In this way， we should behave just like (8)。
The impact of Television In recent years， with the development of science and technology， 80 percent of all homes in China have satellite TV， offering as many as 50 channels。 It has caused a heated debate on (the impact of television on children)。 Many parents are worried about the impact of so much television on children。
The factors for (parents' worry is that children are indulge in television and spend too much time on it。)。 First of all， (with so many programs to choose from， children are not getting as much exercise as they should)。 Then， there comes a case that (some studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school)。 Moreover， (the effect on children's minds are more serious than the effect on children's bodies)。 Especially when (the children are too small to judge what programs are suit to them)。
Indeed， these unique points can be connected to remind parents that (they should pay close attention to and responsibilities for supervising their children's TV viewing)。 In this way， children will not be influenced too deeply。
For most of us today，(1)。 From above， we can find that the reasons why (2) are as follows。 The primary reason， I think， is (3) 。Second， (4)。 The third reason， actually， is (5)。The significance for (6)。Therefore， (7)。
注释: (1)人们针对XX的态度和举措 (2) 归纳现状 (3) 第一个原因 (4) 第二个原因 (5)第三个原因 (6) 重申造成现状的最重要原因
Pollution Most of us today (recognize that environmental pollution has been a greatly serious problem。 lots of plants trees corps are destroyed by bad air。 many fish die of poisonous water。 thousands of people die from eating poisoned fish or breathing in gas。 therefore， environmental pollution should be responsible for these diseases that are disabling， or bringing death not only to human beings， but also to wild life。)
From above， we can find that the reasons why (environment are polluted more and more seriously)are as follows。 the primary reason， I think， is (the reason of harmful substances into environment。 for example， to prevent insects， farmers make use of great amounts of insecticides， so as to have bumper harvests。 however， they pollute air， water and land )。Second，(the gas coming from the car engines and factories also make environment polluted badly )。 the third reason actually is (the result of a growing population in the world。 everyday， so much litter and waste are poured out from houses， also pollute the environment )。 The significance for (controlling pollution) noted that it's high time that more effective measures should be taken。
Therefore， (new laws should be passed to limit the amount of pollutants from factories。 moreover， in the households， there is an obvious need to reduce litter and waste。 let's make our good efforts， and the world will be a safer place to live for us)。
These days we often hear that (1)。 It is common that (2)。 Why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? For one thing，(3)。 For another， (4)。 What is more， since (5)， it is natural that (6 )。 To solve the problem is not easy at all， but is worth trying。 We should do something such as (7) to improve he present situation， and I do believe everything will be better in the future。
Pollution of environment these days we often hear that (our living conditions are getting more and more serious because of the destruction of our environment)。 It is common that (many trees and animals are near extinction， and the all-important food chain has been destroyed。)。?
Why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? For one thing， (the population of the world is increasing so rapidly that the world has been so crowded。)。 For another， (the overuse of natural resources has influenced the balance of natural ecology)。 What is more， since (the industrial revolution)， it is natural that (a great number of factories have been springing up like mushrooms。 The smoke and harmful chemicals released from factories also pollute the environment)。??
To solve the problem is not easy at all， but is worthing。 We should do something such as (planting more trees， equipping cars with pollution-control devices and learning to recycling natural resources )to improve the present situation， and I do believe everything will be better in the future。
It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes。 It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies)。 At the point of X1， Y reaches its peak value of … (多少)。 What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table。 First of all， … (第一个原因)。 More importantly， … (第二个原因)。 Most important of all， … (第三个原因)。 From the above discussions， we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future。 The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势)。
A。 有人认为X 是好事，赞成X， 为什么？B。 有人认为X 是坏事， 反对X，为什么？C。 我的看法。 Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X。 They point out the fact that 支持X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持X 的另一个原因。However， other people stand on a different ground。 They consider it harmful to do X。 They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: There is some truth in both arguments。 But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages。 In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about， X also may X 的有一个坏处。
A．一个错误观点。 B． 我不同意。 Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that， they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y， almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。 There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief。 But if we consider it in depth， we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief。 (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。
3) 社会问题 (现象) 式
A．一个社会问题或者现象B． 产生的原因 C．对社会和我们生活的影响 D． 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)E． 前景的预测。 Nowadays， there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem。 (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public)。 According to a survey， 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。 There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon。下面参照辩论式议论文写法。 X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life， which has been articulated in the following aspects。 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm。 同上Based on the above discussions， I can easily forecast that more and more people will ……。。
Some people believe (argue， recognize， think)that 观点1。 But other people take an opposite side。 They firmly believe that 观点2。 As for me， I agree to the former/latter idea。 There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief。 First of all， 论据1。 More importantly， 论据2。 Most important of all， 论据3。 In summary， 总结观点。 As a college student， I am supposed to 表决心。或:From above， we can predict that 预测。
People hold different views about X。 Some people are of the opinion that 观点1， while others point out that 观点2。 As far as I am concerned， the former/latter opinion holds more weight。 For one thing， 论据1。For another， 论据2。 Last but not the least， 论据3。 To conclude， 总结观点。 As a college student， I am supposed to 表决心。 或 From above， we can predict that 预测。
There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点)。Some people are of the view that 观点1，while others take an opposite side， firmly believing that 观点2。As far as I am concerned， the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses。 The reasons are obvious。 First of all， 论据1。 Furthermore， 论据2。Among all of the supporting evidences， one is the strongest。 That is， 论据3。 A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点。 As a college student， I am supposed to 表决心。 或 From above， we can predict that 预测。
Should College Students Be Allowed to Get Married?
There isno denying the fact that it is a hotly debated topic today whethercollege students should be allowed to get married. Some time ago, theban was lifted by some universities on students getting married. Tothis peoples attitudes differ sharply. Some hold the positive view.They say that most college students are adults and that it is a basicright for those who have reached the appropriate ages to get married.Besides, they argue that with their biological and emotional needs met,these students will study better. The ban on this means a severeviolation of human rights.
Many others, however, hold the negative opposite view. Theyclaim that the university or college is a place to study instead of acommunity to lead family life. Allowing college students to get marriedwould adversely affect their study. For instance, they would spend toomuch time attending their family and love, unable to concentrate ontheir school work.