①_______(概述某事物的作用). However, as _____（相关人物）once put it, _____(引用名言). It is well established that______ (给出论点).
②Blinded by ______（错误观念）, we often take it for granted that ______ (错误观念). However, ______（指出现状）. For instance, ______(举例说明现状). What’s more, ______(进一步举例说明).
③As far as I am concerned, ______(得出结论).
①The saying ______(引用名言). However, ______(指出论点).
②In my opinion, ______(给出自己的观点). Such examples might be given easily. ______ (举例论证自己的观点).
③Have you ______（提出疑问）? If not, ______(提出倡议).
图表型作文是指根据统计数据表格（table）、坐标曲线图（line graph）、条形图（bar chart）、饼形图（pie chart）或图片(picture)写 出的作文。图表作文的特点是以图表作为信息来源，要求考生根据图表上的信息进行对比分析，发现规律，找出所反映的社会现象，并从中看出主要问题和发展趋 势，再归纳出结论。
①What the drawing vividly depicts is that_____（图画主题）.The picture illustrates that______（图画反映的现象）.
②Those who favor______（观点1）.In contrast,people who hold the opposite opinion maintain that______（观点2）.They think that______（原因）.And the cartoon above ______（举例1）.For another example,______（举例2）.
③As far as I am concerned,______（表达自己的观点）.I suggest that______（提出解决措施）.
①As is vividly indicated in the above chart/table/graph, ______(图表主题). Especially in ______ (关键时间), ______ (图表最大特点).
②The reasons for ______ (描述现象) are as follows. Firstly, ______（原因1）. Secondly, ______（原因2）. Thirdly, ______（原因3）.
③From the changes reflected in the chart/table/graph, we can predict/see that ______ （得出结论）. For one thing, ______（*生的影响1）. For another, ______（产生的影响2）.
①The cartoon above is thought-provoking.______（描述图画）.Apparently,the cartoon ironically demonstrates a truth that______（揭示寓意）.
②Just as ______（亮出观点）.First of all,______（论据1）.Let’s take______（相关事物）as an example.______（举例1）.In addition,______（论据2）.Therefore,______（得出结论）.
③To sum up,______（总结全文）.
①From the two charts/According to the charts/According to the figures given in the charts, we can see that ______(图表数字的变化趋势).
②We can see from the statistics that______ (图表变化细节1). This means that______ (说明原因). In addition, the figures also tell us that ______(图表变化细节2). From it we can see that ______ (说明原因).
③Judging from the figures, we can predict that______ (得出结论).
现象解释型作文明确描述社会生活中存在的一种现象。通常要求考生首先对这一现象作出简要的说明；进而解释这种现象存在或发生的几个方面的原因，有些 题目还会要求考生分析说明这种现象可能会产生的积极或消极影响；最后要求考生表明自己的观点或看法，或者要求阐述应该如何发挥这一现象的积极作用以及如何 应对这一现象可能造成的消极影响。
①Today, it is widely acknowledged that______（相关观点）. Therefore,______（提出现象）.However, as for this phenomenon, opinions vary from person to person.
②Some______（涉及人群）insist that______（支持观点）. However, many other______（涉及人群）do not agree. They hold that______（反对观点）.
③From my perspective, ______（自己的观点）. On the one hand, ______（观点的一方面）， but on the other hand,______（观点的另一方面）. What's more, ______（强化自己的观点）.
①Recent decades have seen the rapid development of______（指出现象）. As a result, ______(相关事物) have successfully entered our everyday life and are gaining popularity among ordinary people.
②It's no wonder that some people hold that______ (提出观点), because______ (原因综述). To start with,______ (原因1). What's more, ______(原因2). Last but not least, ______(原因3).
③As far as I am concerned, ______(自己的看法). However, with further development of______ (现象相关内容), ______ (未来前景) in the near future.
①It is not an uncommon social phenomenon that ______(提出现象). However, opinions vary from person to person concerning this phenomenon.
②Some people hold that______ (支持观点)because______ (指出原因). Consequently, ______(说明结果). But others maintain that______ (反对观点). They argue that______ (反对理由).
③From my point of view,______ (自己的观点).
问题解决型作文也是近年来六级考试中常见的作文类型。这类作文在命题中明确提出在现实生活和社会中存在的某个亟待解决的问题，通常要求考生首先对存在的问题 进行介绍，进而针对问题产生的.各方面原因及其已经或可能产生的诸多不良后果予以较为详细的分析和阐述，最后提出解决问题的方法，有些则要求说明应该如何从 自身做起，帮助解决问题。
①As is known to all, ______(导入命题). However, it is quite worrying that______ (提出问题).
②Therefore, ______(相关各方) should be greatly responsible for______ (问题内容). Firstly, ______(解决方法1). Secondly,______ (解决方法2). Thirdly,______ (解决方法3).
③But______ (相关方面) alone cannot ensure the final success in______ (问题内容). ______(问题相关方）should also take an active part in______ (怎么做1). They/We should ______(怎么做2).
①It is widely acknowledged taht _______（某事物的重要性1）.Besides,______（重要性2）.
②However,_______（事物出现的问题）.Some people prefer to______（问题表现或原因1）. Others tend to_______（问题表现或原因2）.
③As the salt of the earth, college students should be fully aware of ______（相关事物）. Therefore, we should______（自身怎么做1）.We should also______（自身怎么做2）.
①In recent years, ______(消极现象) has been prevailing ______(盛行范围).
②There are three main factors that can account for this phenomenon. First and foremost, ______(原因1). Moreover, ______(原因2). Last but not least, ______(原因3). As a result,______ (结果).
③In my view, effective measures should be taken to solve the problem. First, ______(解决方法1). Second, ______(解决方法2). Third, ______(解决方法3).
①It is widely believed that______（指出现象）.What’s more,______（进一步阐述该现象）.Many people strongly advocate it owing to______（支持原因）.However,_______（相关因素），people’s ideas vary.
②On the one hand,some people hold that ______（第一种观点及原因）.On the other hand,a great many people insist that_______（第二种观点及原因）.
③As far as I am concerned, however,______（自己的态度及理由）.Therefore,it is time that_____（得出结论）.
①A great many people______（提出观点）.First and foremost,some people incline to______（赞成原因1）.What’s more,they maintain that______（赞成原因2）
②On the contrary, the vast majority of people assume that_______（提出相反的观点）.
③In my opinion,______（提出自己的观点）.For one thing,______（理由1）.For another,______（理由2）.
①With the development of society,people attach more importance to ______（提出现象）.They regard it as______（进一步阐述该现象）.
②Should we______（提出观点）？______（相关答案）.To begin with,______（理由1）.What’s more,_______（理由2）.
③For my part,______（表明自己的态度）.Most importantly,_______（进行进一步阐述）.
①Recently, we often hear complaints about______（提出现象）.We can see that______（进一步阐述该现象）.
②The following factors need to be taken into consideration.First and foremost,______（原因1）.What’s more,_______（原因2）.As a result,_______（结果）.
③From my point of view,_______（自己的态度）.In the frist place,______（理由1）.Furthermore,_______（理由2）.Hence,______（结论）.
①_______is always regarded as（提出观点）. However,_______（指出特殊情况）.
②For one thing._______（原因/看法1）. For another._______（原因/看法2）.
③On the whole, it is important to keep in mind that_______（自己的态度）.
①Thereare many factors that_______(与论点相关的内容〉.But of_______（所有因素）,
I believe_______(个人论点〉to be the most important one for the following reasons.
②The first reason is that_______(原因1). Another reason is that_______(原因2). Finally._______(原因3).
③Inshort. I believe _______(重申自己的观点）.Thus we should_______（提出建议）.
—般来说，英文书信的结构通常包括六个组成部分：信头（heading，包括寄信人地址和日期）、信内地址（inside address，指收信人地址）、称呼（salutation）、正文（body）、结束语（complimentary close)、签名（signature)，有时候还包括附言（postscript〉和附件（attachment），一般考试中只要求包括称呼、正文、结束语和签名四个部分，写作应用书信型作文时内容要直截了当，中心突出，层次分明，格式正确，语言得体。
②Iwant to express my_______（感谢、歉意等）for_______（相关事件）.Thank you for/I will be very grateful if_______（表示感谢）.
③_______（相关陈述）. However, the situation does not allow me to do this./ However. I am afraid I cannot accept your kind offer. _______（阐述原因）.
④I sincerely hope that_______（表达真诚的愿望）.
②_______ （客套话），but I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with/I venture to write you a letter about/I am afraid I’m not content with_______（简要概括投诉内容）.
③Firstly,_______（问题1）. Secondly. _______（问题2）. Finally. _______（问题3）. /_______（问题1）. What is worse._______ （问题2）.
④I/We do hope that_______（提出意愿或建议）.
②I am_______（简要介绍自己的身份）and hope_______（提出希望）. I will be grateful if you would be kind enough to_______（对方的相关行为）.
④I wish_______（再次重申希望）./ I would greatly appreciate it if_______（向收信人可能提供的帮助表示感谢）.
Turn off Your Mobile Phone
With the development of information techno1ogy and reduced price of communication products, the mobi1e phone has become a necessity for most people. Obviously, it shortens the distance between people and makes our life more convenient. Thanks to it, it’s easy for us to contact or be contacted by others anytime and anywhere. We will never miss any important meetings，great deals or admirable opportunities。
But，have you noticed sometimes the mobile phone also brings embarrassment to us? It’s not rare to see someone pressing the mobile phone to his ear and shouting 1oud1y in public as if there were no one else present. And I’m sure each one has had such an experience that the mobi1e phone ring continuous1y on a formal occasion. Perhaps these People have many 1ife-and-death reasons to keep the phone working at all times, but it interrupts people around them who have to hear what they don’t care when they want to concentrate on what they’re doing.
So if you are one of them, please shut off your cell phone in public, especially on a quiet and serious occasion. It’s a respect for both others and yourself.
Traveling by Train or by Plane
When we go on a business trip, we will be faced with the choice of traveling by train or by plane. Before making the right choice，we had better make a close comparison and contrast of them.
First of all, a train will take us to our target railway station. Also, a plane will take us to the target airport， Second, in a train we can enjoy the beautiful scenery of the countryside. Likewise, in a plane we can command a good view of fields, buildings, mountains and even plains of clouds. Despite these similarities, they differ in the following aspects. First, a train ticket is cheap. Most of us can afford it. However, a plane ticket is about twice as expensive as a train ticket. Most of us grudge paying for it. Besides, it is safer to travel by train. If the train gets into some trouble, we may survive by jumping out of it. On the contrary, if we travel by plane, we have to ask God to bless us. However, it takes us longer time to travel by train than by plane.
Therefore, it depends which transportation tool we should choose. If we just want to save money，we will travel by train; but if we want to save time, we will turn to the plane.
With the popularization of Internet, cyber crimes have become a serious problem facing us. Nowadays cyber criminals seem to be everywhere on the Internet. To illustrate, some commit fraud or lift intellectual property, others snatch passwords or disrupt e-commerce, and still others unleash viruses to crash computers. As a result, these crimes destroy network security greatly and make computer users suffer great losses.
However, we shouldn’t tolerate these cyber criminals any more. It’s high time for us to take effective measures to fight against cyber crimes. First, we should reinforce the cyber laws to punish cyber criminals strictly. Moreover, we should develop high techniques as soon as possible to improve intrusion detection and prevent cyber crimes. Besides, more talented people should be trained and more effective firewalls should be built up so as to make the net immune to all kinds of viruses.
As college students, we have responsibility to join the battle against cyber crimes. For one thing, we should not use others’ computers unless we get permission. For another, we should be honest to others on the Internet and not release or spread unreal information. In a word, it takes our common efforts to defeat cyber crimes.
Adversity is like a cell in the air, and it happens on almost everyone. Therefore, it is inevitable to keep it far away from us. There are numerous kinds of adversity, such as the difficulties we meet, the diseases we catch and so on.
According to a survey, different people hold various opinions on adversity. Thirty percent of people feel upset and have no confidence to conquer it, so they sometimes fail in the difficulties. However, forty percent of people take the positive attitude toward adversity. They always take some actions to solve each problem that surrounds them. Finally, they feel satisfied and uplifting when they succeed. Thirty percent of people may seek help from others, and get rid of the predicament in the end.
As far as I am concerned, first and the most, we must face the adversity with courage, in that it can bring us energy and strength. In addition, we should try our best to deal with adversity. It is as the famous saying goes, No pains, no gains. Last but not least, if we try but have no way, we should invite others to help us and surmount the problems together.
There is no denying the fact that it has been a hotly debated topic whether students should attend military training in China in the past years. Opinions on this issue differ sharply. Some hold the positive view. They say that the training can not only build up students’ bodies but also temper their willpower. Besides, through the training, students can develop their team-spirit and sense of discipline.
Others, however, hold the opposite view. They say that a short period of training as students are having now cannot work well in building up their bodies or strengthen their will. Instead, we should lay emphasis on their daily exercise and activities for such purpose. What’s more, a sudden increase of intense physical exercise, especially during summer, does harm to students’ health and may even cause deaths. What happened in the past years has proved this.
Weighing the pros and cons of these arguments, I am inclined to agree with the former point of view. Military training is not only a means to strengthen student’s physique and willpower, but also an effective way to enhance their sense of national defense and foster their patriotism. Though some deaths happened during the training, we should not give up eating for fear of choking. Besides, the deaths are perfect evidence that students need more such training. Of course, measures should be taken to ensure that the least harm is done to the trainees.
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