百分网【中秋节】 编辑：刘昭 发布时间：2017-08-17 16:43:30
The lunar August 15 in China is the traditional holiday--the
Mid-Autumn festival. The Spring Festival, Mid-Autumn festival and the qingming festival, the Dragon Boat Festival is Chinese traditional festival of the four. "The Mid-Autumn festival" is a word, the earliest hanfu Mid-Autumn festival is in
《周礼》。据史籍记载，古代帝王祭月的节期为农历八月十五，时日恰逢三秋之半，故名“中秋节”；又因为这个节日在秋季八月，故又称“秋节”、“八月节”、“八月会”、“中秋节”；又有祈求团圆的信仰和相关习俗活动，故亦称“团圆节”、“女儿节”。因中秋节的主要活动都是围绕“月”进行的，所以又俗称“月节”、“月夕”、“追月节”、“玩月节”、“拜月节”；在唐朝，中秋节还被称为“端正月”。中秋节的盛行始于宋朝，至明清时，已与元旦齐名，成为我国的主要节日之一。关于中秋节的起源，大致有三种：起源于古代对月的崇拜、月下歌舞觅偶的习俗，古代秋报拜土地神的遗俗. 为传承民族文化，增强民族凝聚力， 中秋节从2015年起被国务院列为国家法定节假日。国家非常重视非物质文化遗产的保护，2015年5月20日，该节日经国务院批准列入第一批国家级非物质文化遗产名录。
The rites of zhou. According to records, the ancient imperial history on the appointed feasts of the August 15, time for the lunar SanQiu
attention for half of the Mid-Autumn festival, the name ""; And because this festival in autumn, so it is also called "August autumn festival", "BaYueJie", "August will", "the Mid-Autumn festival"; And pray for the reunion of the faith and related customs activities, so also say
"TuanYuanJie", "sections". For the Mid-Autumn festival of the main activities are all around "month", so they are commonly known as the "month quarter", "YueXi", "after month quarter" and "play", "worship on day on day"; In tang dynasty, and the Mid-Autumn festival was known as "straight month". The Mid-Autumn festival began in song dynasty, to the popularity of Ming and qing dynasties, and New Year's day, has become the major in China as one of the festival. About the origin of the
Mid-Autumn festival, generally there are three: to the worship of ancient originated in the month, and next month the custom of song and dance mate-seeking seniors, ancient worship of god for autumn land. For YiSu down the national culture, enhance national cohesion, the Mid-Autumn festival since 2015 listed by the state council as one country legal holidays. Country attaches great importance to the protection of non-material cultural heritage, May 20, 2015, the festival with the approval of the state council listed in the first national nonmaterial cultural heritage list.
the mid-autumn festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month, usually in october in gregorian calendar.
the festival has a long history. in ancient china, emperors followed the rite of offering sacrifices to the sun in spring and to the moon in autumn. historical books of the zhou dynasty had had the word "mid-autumn". later aristocrats and literary figures helped expand the ceremony to common people. they enjoyed the full, bright moon on that day, worshipped it and expressed their thoughts and feelings under it. by the tang dynasty (618-907), the mid-autumn festival had been fixed, which became even grander in the song dynasty (960-1279). in the ming (1368-1644) and qing (1644-1911) dynasties, it grew to be a major festival of china.
folklore about the origin of the festival go like this: in remote antiquity, there were ten suns rising in the sky, which scorched all crops and drove people into dire poverty. a hero named hou yi was much worried about this, he ascended to the top of the kunlun mountain and, directing his superhuman strength to full extent, drew his extraordinary bow and shot down the nine superfluous suns one after another. he also ordered the last sun to rise and set according to time. for this reason, he was respected and loved by the people and lots of people of ideals and integrity came to him to learn martial arts from him. a person named peng meng lurked in them.
"zhong qiu jie", which is also known as the mid-autumn festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. it is a time for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon - an auspicious symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. adults will usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hot chinese tea, while the little ones run around with their brightly-lit lanterns.
"zhong qiu jie" probably began as a harvest festival. the festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of chang-e, the beautiful lady in the moon.
according to chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. one day, all 10 suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. the earth was saved when a strong archer, hou yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, chang-e drank it. thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young chinese girls would pray at the mid-autumn festival.
in the 14th century, the eating of mooncakes at "zhong qiu jie" was given a new significance. the story goes that when zhu yuan zhang was plotting to overthrow the yuan dynasty started by the mongolians, the rebels hid their messages in the mid-autumn mooncakes. zhong qiu jie is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the mongolians by the han people.
during the yuan dynasty (a.d.1206-1368) china was ruled by the mongolian people. leaders from the preceding sung dynasty (a.d.960-1279) were unhappy at submitting to foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. the leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the moon festival was drawing near, ordered the ma-ki-ng of special cakes. packed into each mooncake was a message with the outline of the attack. on the night of the moon festival, the rebels successfully attacked and overthrew the government. what followed was the establishment of the ming dynasty (a.d. 1368-1644). today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this event.