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大学里学英语的技巧有哪些

百分网【英语】 编辑:方琪 发布时间:2017-09-23 15:49:54

  学英语和交朋友一样,关键在于主动。大学英语学习与中学英语学习的主要区别在于学时的缩短。那么,大学里学英语的技巧有哪些呢?下面是小编为你搜集到的相关内容,希望可以帮助到你。

大学里学英语的技巧有哪些

  大学里学英语听力的技巧

  听力是绝大多数同学最为苦恼的题型,有些是因为高考英语没有听力,

  所以从来没练习过,二是即使在高考听过听力,但四六级听力与高考

  听力截然不同,不仅篇幅变长,而且题型也有变化,所以建议还有充足时间复习的同学两天听一套听力,一定要完整的听,不要间断或者今天听一部分明天再听其他,原因是要保证听力的完整性,让自己三十分钟完全沉浸在英语环境中,同学经常说前面还可以注意力集中地听完part one和part two,但一到part three 就完全处于神游中了,所以一定要强迫自己尽可能的多听一点,不要放弃。我在大一下准备六级的时候坚持每天听一套听力,坚持了一个月,效果好了很多。大家可以试试看。对于想长期提高自己听力水平、并不仅仅局限于四六级的同学,推荐几种方法。

  (1) 在苹果和安卓下一个叫网易公开课的软件,里面不仅有知名大学如Harvard Stanford等国外名校的公开课,如哲学人性 心理 历史等,还有TED演讲。TED是很多名人或在某方面有所建树的外国人的演讲,一般为十到二十分钟,可以选择中英文字幕,我平常在坐公交搭地铁或者课间都会听几分钟,慢慢就会把听英文变成一种习惯了。

  (2) 推荐听力进阶经典教材Listen to this 这个系列一共分三册,建议听前两册,坚持听下来的话听力会有很大提高。如果感觉书的制作太朴素,可以选择听雅思的听力材料黑眼睛的上册,也是很不错的哦。

  (3) 这是我最常用的一招,在考前一个月把MP3手机里的歌删掉, 换成四六级听力或名人演讲,有空闲的时候就听一下,可能是个句子也可能是个单词,看自己能不能辨析出来。但切记要和自己能力相符,不要选择太难的自己难以驾驭的材料,比如把原文拿给你读都费劲的材料就不要选择了。

  以上是关于长期提高的同学,对于没几天就上考场的同学,在此有一些自己总结的答题规律和技巧分享给大家。

  四六级听力分为四个题型

  1 短对话 即男女以一问一答的方式进行对话,两到三话轮,因为信息量相对较少,所以问题通常有些小陷阱,比如同义词替换,部分否定等。

  2 长对话 一男一女对话,两个对话,一共八道题,按照题文同序原则进行答题即可,(题文同序原则下文有介绍)

  3短文理解 共三篇文章 共十道题,一人朗读 依然遵循题文同序原则,注意关键词的把握,不要因为一道没听出来的题费力去想,而错过了其他的答案,丢了西瓜捡芝麻,最重要的是芝麻还基本捡不起来了。

  4复合式听写

  最近取消了句子的复述,个人感觉难度下降了,但这个题型的特点是你不会的单词基本就填不上了,会的单词也未必会得分。注意大小写,词性,单数或复数 (help 还是helps还是helped) 是否有连字符 词组的介词是of还是off 注意连读 失去爆破 吞音等现象。这部分尽可能多拿一些分,当然也不乏原文中出现答案的情况,可以关注一下。 总的来说得听力者得四级,这话虽然有些绝对,但不是没有道理,而且六级听力难度对比四级有大幅上升,如果真的想在四六级中取得较高的分数,听力一定要重视起来。

  大学里学英语阅读的技巧

  阅读分为选词填空,仔细阅读和匹配三个题型,下面依次来进行说明。

  (1) 选词填空

  One principle of taxation, called the benefit principle, states that people should pay taxes based on the benefits they receive from government services. This principle tries to make public goods similar to __36__ goods. It seems reasonable that a person who often goes to the movies pays more in __37__ for movie tickets than a person who rarely goes. And __38__ a person who gets great benefit from a public good should pay more for it than a person who gets little benefit.

  The gasoline tax, for instance, is sometimes __39__ using the benefits principle. In some states, __40__ from the gasoline tax are used to build and maintain roads. Because those who buy gasoline are the same people who use the roads, the gasoline tax might be viewed as a __41__ way to pay this government service.

  The benefits principle can also be used to argue that wealthy citizens should pay higher taxes than poorer ones, __42__ because the wealthy benefit more from public services. Consider, for example, the benefits of police protection from __43__. Citizens with much to protect get greater benefit from police than those with less to protect. Therefore, according to the benefits principle, the wealthy should __44__ more than the poor to the cost of __45__ the police force. The same argument can be used for many other public services, such as fire protection, national defense,

  and the court system.

  A) adaptB) contributeC) exertingD) expensesE) fair

  F) justifiedG) maintainingH) private I) providedJ) revenues

  K) similarlyL) simplyM) theftN) totalO) wealth

  这是选词填空的模式,从原文中扣出十个空格,给你十五个单词让你填到文中,这个题型是我认为相对较难的题,因为不仅要知道单词的准确含义,还要带到句子中及文章中揣摩作者态度及行文思路,最重要的是这道题每个空分值0.5分,实在没有必要浪费过多时间,我的做法是先把文章通读一遍,在第二遍的时候把自己认为肯定对的先填到里面,这样可很大程度上减少错误率,再根据自己的阅读速度读一到两遍把题完成。这样基本上可以达到分数最大化,要想在这五分上有本质提高,就不仅要增加单词量,还要提高文章把握能力,这绝对不是一朝一夕可以完成的。阅读方法会在后面提及。

  (2)仔细阅读

  Children are a delight. They are our future. But sadly, hiring someone to take care of them while you go to work is getting more expensive by the year.

  Earlier this month, it was reported that the cost of enrolling an infant or small kid at a childcare center rose 3% in 2012, faster than the overall cost of living. There are now large strips of the country where daycare for an infant costs more than a tenth of the average married couple's income.

  This is not necessarily a new trend, but it is a somewhat puzzling one. The price of professional childcare has been rising since the 1980s. Yet during that time, pay for professional childcare workers has stood still. Actually caregivers make less today, in real terms, than they did in 1990. Considering that labor costs are responsible for up to 80% of a daycare center's expenses, one would expect flat wages to have meant flat prices. So who's to blame for higher childcare costs?

  Childcare is a carefully regulated industry. States lay down rules about how many children each employee is allowed to watch over, the space care centers need per child, and other minute details. And the stricter the regulations, the higher the costs. If it has to hire a caregiver for every two children, it can't really achieve any economies of scale on labor to save money when other expenses go up. In Massachusetts, where childcare centers must hire one teacher for every three infants, the price of care averaged more than $16,000 per year. In Mississippi, where centers must hire one teacher for every five infants, the price of care averaged less than $5,000.

  Unfortunately, I don't have all the daycare-center regulations handy. But I wouldn't be surprised if as the rules have become more elaborate, prices have risen. The tradeoff (交换) might be worth it in some cases; after all, the health and safety of children should probably come before cheap service. But certainly, it doesn't seem to be an accident that some of the

  cheapest daycare available is in the least cet4v.com.

  56. What problem do parents of small kids have to face?

  A) The ever-rising childcare prices.

  B) The budgeting of family expenses.

  C) The balance between work and family.

  D) The selection of a good daycare center.

  57. What does the author feel puzzled about?

  A) Why the prices of childcare vary greatly from state to state.

  B) Why increased childcare prices have not led to better service.

  C) Why childcare workers' pay has not increased with the rising childcare costs.

  D) Why there is a severe shortage of childcare professional in a number of states.

  58. What prevent childcare centers from saving money?

  A) Steady increase in labor costs.

  B) Strict government regulations.

  C) Lack of support from the state.

  D) High administrative expenses.

  59. Why is the average cost of childcare in Mississippi much lower than in Massachusetts?

  A) The overall quality of service is not as good.

  B) Payments for caregivers there are not as high.

  C) Living expenses there are comparatively low.

  D) Each teacher is allowed to care for more kids.

  60. What is the author's view on daycare service?

  A) Caregivers should receive regular professional training.

  B) Less elaborate rules about childcare might lower costs.

  C) It is crucial to strike a balance between quality and costs.

  D) It is better for different states to learn from each other.

  仔细阅读不仅每道题分值大,而且题目也多,由两篇文章十道题组成,考察的是阅读速度和归纳总结的能力,但这种题型与高考阅读十分相似,对大多数同学来说并不是难点,只要在考前保持阅读习惯,背好四六级词汇,考试时不要慌,仔细阅读就可以了,在此有一个原则希望大家一定要记住,就是题文同序的原则,不要在找不到答案时就认为答案所对应的原文在后面,比如第一题对应第一段,第三题对应第四段,那么第二题一定对应第二三段。题文同序原则不仅适用于阅读,听力的长对话和短文理解同样适用。

  (3)匹配题

  匹配题是全卷最简单的题型,十分满分一般都可拿到8到10分,主要考察的是信息检索的能力,主要是数字、日期、人名、职务、及大写及特殊词汇。注意标段边读边把重点词画下来,养成习惯。

  P.S.对于想提高阅读水平的同学,不仅要提高词汇量,还要多多阅读,除了各种习题外,推荐大家阅读经济学人这本杂志,这本杂志观点中立,篇幅合适,而且很多考研文章都是从中提取的,建议大家精读,把一字一句都弄懂,基本上三十篇就ok了。

  大学里学英语翻译与写作的技巧

  1.翻译

  翻译是最近几年才加进来的题型,给出一段汉字翻译成英语,重点考察语法结构和用词准确度,在答题时要注意字迹,面对不会翻译的列如红楼梦就不要太关注,把重心放在句子的结构上、和短语单词的准确性上。尽可能使用一些从句,增加句式丰富度。

  如果有充足时间准备可以买一本专项练习的书,从句子的结构开始练习,有助于纠正中式英语,

  2.写作

  四级多半是给出一张图写作,六级则提升难度,给一个topic去讨论,一定要注意审题,每年都有很多考六级的连题都都不明白的,其实就算写跑题也不要自暴自弃,老师还会关注的是用词准确性、句子的多样化、段落的清晰与否、是否使用一些略高大上的单词,尽可能别再用高考就在用的词了,把important换成essential vital significant 甚至是momentous会好很多。关于句型,从幼儿园就开始用的With the

  development of….不仅批卷老师都看吐了 你自己恐怕都看吐了吧,你可以写Our society has witnessed …… 是不是更好,所以尽可能换一些句型,多用一些从句,不要整篇都是简单句,用一些从句及反问句显得酷的多。

  (二) 其他方面

  以上的就是我对大学四六级的一些感悟,希望对大家有用,下面是针对想全方面提高的同学的一些建议。

  1口语

  口语是中国学生的软肋,在全球雅思口语分数中,中国学生成绩一般在倒数第二名,主要原因是在高中老师不会重视学生口语能力,而且中国人普遍羞涩,不太敢读出来,但口语不仅在研究生复试中会作为一项考察,还会在托福雅思等出国类考试中作为一个试题类型,在以后的工作中口语也显得十分重要,毕竟英语是门语言,最终目的还是沟通和交流,所以在此介绍几个方法供大家参考。

  (1) 有一个叫做英语流利说的软件,老师推荐的,亲测不错,可以给你打分,告诉你哪个单词发音有问题,适合口音单词读音有很大问题的同学使用。

  (2) 每天清晨在21b都能看到很多人在大声朗读新概念,这种做法除了提高对文章的流利度外没有其他作用,就算读一万遍也读不出伦敦腔,英语是一门语言,语言是要去模仿的,在网上有很多免费的外国人教读音的视频,下一下好好模仿一下,当然新东方也有自行选择。

  (3) 雅思有很多口语资料很适合大家,雅思口语书籍多半会有很全的分类,教你不同话题怎么去说去形容和交谈,有兴趣的同学可以去看一下,可以全面提高英语能力。自己平常随便抽出一个话题计时回答是一个极好的方法。

  (4) 其实提高口语最好的方式还是与外国人交流,虽然很多英语培训机构都有口语班,但价格不菲,在每学期的选修课都有一门英语口语,是一个加拿大人教的,既可得学分又可以锻炼听力和口语,何乐而不为。

  2词汇量

  对于四六级的同学背好四六级的单词就好了,单词量想上8000或10000的同学可以考虑背一下词根词缀。比如ambul表示行走走路 circum表示环绕 所以circumambulate表示环绕着走,意为巡行,有很多这样介绍词根词缀的书,比背字典有用多了。

  3娱乐

  很多人都喜欢看美剧,但向The Walking Dead 这类的就别当作学习资料了,在此推荐几部美剧供大家选择。

  (1)老友记:很老但却很经典,有些口语表达已经过时了但口音值得模仿。

  (2)生活大爆炸即天才也性感:除了那些关于物理的专业术语以外还不错。

  (3)神盾局特工:大爱的一部美剧 既有科幻又有打戏还有对白 可以好好模仿。

  (4)绝望主妇:推荐

  (5)迷失:最爱的美剧 口音纯正 剧情跌宕起伏。

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