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七年级英语上册期末复习资料

2018-06-14 20:39:15 1190 1195

  新目标七年级英语(上)期末复习手册

  Unit1-12重点知识梳理

  Unit1

  句子:

  1.初次见面用语 课P2. 2C

  What’s your name My name is …/ I’m…

  Nice to meet you !

  2.问电话号码:

七年级英语上册期末复习资料

  What’s your phone number

  What’s his/her phone number

  It’s 3272310.

  词汇:

  1. family name, first name, last name

  语法:

  1. 形容词性物主代词的用法 2. 人称代词主格的用法

  3. 基数词:1至10的读法和写法

  Unit2

  句子

  1.Is this / that your pencil

  Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

  2. What’s this in English

  It’s a pen/ ruler/ book….

  How do you spell pen/ ruler/book P-E-N.

  核心知识

  1. 认识26个字母,辅音字母,元音字母

  2. 认识一般疑问句的句式

  写作:课P11.3aFound and Lost

  Unit3

  句子:

  1.介绍别人或某物

  This is … That is …

  These are … Those are …

  词汇:课P13 1a

  写作:

  1.学习英语信的格式 2.课P17以信的形式介绍相片中人物

  Unit4

  句子 询问地方

  Where is / are … ?It’s …/ They are …

  核心知识

  1. 词汇 课P24 1 2. take 与bring 的区别

  3. there be 的用法 4. on the wall

  5. 介词:on , in , under , behind ,

  next to , between…and…

  6. 认识特殊疑问句的句式

  熟读:P23.3a , P24. 3 , Grammar Focus

  Unit5

  句子

  1. Do you have …? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

  2. Does he / she have …

  Yes, he / she does. No, he / she doesn’t.

  3. Let’s …

  4. That sounds good / interesting.

  That’s a good idea.

  5. Welcome to …

  核心知识

  一、there be 与have 的区别

  二、一般现在时

  用 法 1.现阶段经常性习惯性动作

  2.目前的状态

  3.客观真理

  常用时间状语 sometimes, often, every day, usually, always 等

  构 成 1.动词用原形 I like it.

  2.当主语是第三人称单数时,动词要加-s(-es) She likes it.

  He likes it.

  Ann goes to work.

  3.be 动词用

  am,is, are I am a teacher.

  He is a boy.

  They are girls.

  否定

  形式 1.don’t+动词原形 I don’t like it.

  They don’t like it.

  2.当主语是第三人称单数时,则为: doesn’t+动词原形 He doesn’t like it.

  Ann doesn’t go to work.

  一般疑问句 把do 或does 放在主语的前面,后面动词用原形 Do you like it

  Does Ann like it

  Does he like it

  附:动词第三人称单数的构成规则

  情 况 方法 例词

  一般情况 加-s reads, says

  以ch, sh, x,s或o 结尾的词 加-es teaches,

  guesses

  finishes

  以“辅音字母+y”结尾的词 把y改为i再加-es fly--flies

  try--tries

  carry--carries

  熟读

  课本:P25 1a , P26 G.F. , P27 3b,

  P28 1a , P30 1与3

  Unit6

  句子 询问所喜欢的东西

  1. Do you like….? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

  2. Does he like … Yes, he does. No, he does.

  核心知识

  1.一般现在时

  2. 可数名词与不可数名词

  3. lots of 4. go on picnic

  5. health, healthy, healthily

  6. P36 1

  熟读

  课本: P31 1a ,P32 G. F. ,P35 3a,P36 1

  Unit7

  句子

  问价格

  1. How much is this T-shirt It’s 10 dollars.

  2. How much are they They are 100 dollars.

  问颜色

  1. What color do you want What color is it

  购物用语:P39 3a

  1. Can I help you What can I do for you

  2. Yes, please. 3. I’ll take it .

  4. Thank you. 5. You’re welcome.

  6. Have a look.

  核心知识

  两位数的基数词读法与写法 P40

  熟读

  课本 P37 1c, P38 G. F., P 39 3a ,

  P40 1b, P41 3a , P42 1与3

  Unit8

  句子

  1. When is your birthday

  2. My birthday is January fifteenth.

  3. What year were you born

  4. I was born in 1999.

  5. When were you born

  6. I was born in January first,1999.

  核心知识

  1. 基数词和序数词

  基变序口决

  基变序有规律, 词尾加上-th ;

  一二三特殊记, 单词结尾t d d ;

  八减t , 九减e ,f 要把ve替 ;

  ty 把y 改为i ,记住前还有e ;

  若遇到几十几, 只把个位变序。

  2. 名词所有格

  3. 年、月、日表达法

  (1) 年的读法:用基数词,两位一读

  (2) 月份名称的首字母要大写

  (3) 日期:用序数词表示,前面可加the ,也可省略,但读要读出the

  (4) 年、月、日在英语中的顺序是

  月、日、年

  4. 时间介词 in, on , at

  5.how old

  6.be born

  7.basketball game

  熟读

  课本 P47 1a , P48 2a 2d , P52 1

  写作 自我介绍(姓名、年龄、生日、好、出生地等)

  Unit9

  句子

  1. Do you want to … Yes, I do .No, I don’t.

  2. Does he want to …

  Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.

  3. What kind of movies do you like

  I like action movie.

  核心知识

  1. 并列连词 and , but

  2. on weekends 3. want to do sth.

  4. look at 5. a lot

  6. in a word 7. act,actor

  8. in fact 9. 一般现在时

  10. 名词复数形式

  写作 谈论自己爱好的电影类型 课本P56-57

  熟读 课本 P54 G.F., P55 3a

  Unit 10

  句子

  1. Can you play the guitar

  Yes, I can. No, I can’t

  2. Can he/ she sing

  Yes, he/she can.No, he / she can’t.

  3. What can you do

  4. What club do you want to join

  核心知识

  1. 情态动词 can 表能力

  2. play the guitar / drums / piano

  3. play chess 4. help sb. with sth.

  5. be good with 6. music-----musician

  7. talk to

  熟读 课本 P60 G.F. , P63 3a对话 P643

  Unit11

  句子 问时间

  1. What time do you go to school

  I go to school at 7a.m.

  2. What time does he / she go to school

  He / She goes to school at 8a.m.

  感叹句 what 引导

  核心知识

  1.一般现在时 2. 时刻读法

  3. on TV 4. go to bed

  5. go to school 6. go to work

  7. get up 8. get home

  9. thanks for 10. take a shower

  11. eat breakfast / lunch / dinner

  12. do homework 13. listen to

  14. and then 15. like to do

  16. a little 17. put on

  18. take 搭车 19. all night

  20. in the morning / afternoon / evening

  写作

  记一天所做的事情 课本P67 3a , P69 3a

  熟读 课本 P381a2a2b

  Unit12

  句子

  1. What’s your favorite subject

  My favorite subject is English.

  2. Why do you like … Because it is interesting.

  核心知识

  1. 名词所有格 2. 星期

  3. have math / Chinese 4. then , next

  写作 课本P75 3a, P76 3

  介绍自己一天所上的科目以及自己最喜爱的科目,为什么

  熟读 课本 P72 G.F. , P 75 3a , P 76 3

  新目标英语 初一年级上期词组总复习

  词 组 汉语 词 组 汉语

  what’s your name 你叫什么名字? alarm clock 闹钟

  Nice to meet you 见到你很高兴 video cassette 录象带

  first name 名字 between…and… 在…和…之间

  last name 姓氏 tennis racket 网球拍

  telephone number 电话号码 soccer ball 英式足球

  phone number 电话号码 Let’s= Let us 让我们

  ID card 身份证 That sounds good 那听起来不错

  family name 姓氏 watch TV 看电视

  Thanks a lot 非常感谢 sports collection 运动收藏品

  You are welcome. 不用谢 play sports 做运动

  in English 用英语 every day 每天

  computer game 电子游戏 French fries 薯条

  lost and found 失物招领 ice cream 冰淇淋

  a set of 一套,一副 have breakfast

  (lunch, dinner) 吃早(午、晚)饭

  thanks for 为…而感谢 play soccer

  (basketball, tennis…) 踢足球(打篮球、网球)

  family photo 全家照 play chess 下国际象棋

  pen friend 笔友 lots of 许多,大量

  I don’t know. 我不知道 go to a movie 去看电影

  healthy food 健康食品 (an) action movie (一部)动作片

  how much (价格)多少 kind of …种类

  what color 什么颜色 Beijing Opera 京剧

  want to do 想做某事 learn about 学习…

  Can I help you 有什么可以效劳的? join=be in 参加,加入

  What can I do for you 同上 play the guitar (piano, drum…) 弹吉他(钢琴),(打鼓……)

  from…to… 从…到… speak (in) Chinese 用中文说

  have a look (at) 看一看,看一眼 on Sunday(Monday, Tuesday, Friday…) 在周日(一、二、五……)

  the date of birth 生日 a little 少量,稍许

  how old 多大年纪,几岁 what time 几点,什么时候

  speech contest 演讲比赛 go to school 去上学

  school trip (学校组织的)郊游 get up 起床

  basketball game 篮球赛 take a shower 淋浴、洗澡

  volleyball game 排球赛 after school (work) 放学后(下班后)

  school day 学校上课日 go to work 去上班

  Art Festival 艺术节 get to 到达

  year(s) old …岁(年龄) go to bed 上床睡觉

  do homework 做家庭作业 go home 回家

  新目标七年级英语下期重点词组与句型

  Unit 11 What time do you go to school

  1.time: a . 可数名词 (次数) b.不可数名词 (时间)

  2.对时间提问用:a.When (何时) b.What time (几点) <只能用于几点几分>

  3.go to……(去…...)get to…..(到达…..) <后接地点副词here,there,home等词时,省略介词to>

  4.usually(通常) = always (总是)= often(经常) <一般现在时的标志词,常位于be动词、情态动词、助动词之后,实义动词之前>

  5.take a shower = have a shower(洗澡)

  6.an hour (一个小时)

  7.work (不可数)= job (可数)(工作)

  8.start = begin to do sth. (开始做某事)

  9.时间表达法:(一)顺读法:先读整点,再读几分,遇见0读作“O”;遇到整点可直接读数字,也可在数字后面加“o’clock”.

  (二)逆读法:先读分钟数,再读整点;

  a.分钟数小于30分钟的用:分钟数+past(过)+整点;

  b.分钟数等于30分钟的用:half +past+整点 (几点半);

  c.分钟数大于30分钟的用:(60—分钟)+to(差)+下一个整点;

  d.15分钟常常用a quarter(一刻钟)来表示;

  10.在几点几分用介词 “at”;

  11.What time is it now =What’s the time now (现在几点了?)

  It’s +时刻

  12.get up (起床) 13. go to bed (睡觉)

  14.get on (上车) 15.get off (下车)

  16.eat/have breakfast/lunch/dinner (吃早饭/午饭/晚饭)

  17.in the morning/afternoon/evening(在早上/下午/晚上)

  18.do homework = do one’s homework(做家庭作业)

  19.go home(回家)20.all day(整天) 21.all night(整晚)

  22.around (大约)= about (大约;有关)

  23.listen to…..(听……)hear (听见)

  24.look at…. (看…..)see (看见)25.put on (穿上;戴上)

  26.take off (脱下) 27.he (主格)—him (宾格)

  28.they (主)—them (宾)29. she (主)—her (宾)

  30.it (主/宾格) 31.we (主)—us (宾) 32.I (主)—me (宾)

  33.you (主/宾格)34.tell sb. about…….(告诉某人有关…..)

  35.write to….= write a letter to….(写信给…….)

  Unit 12 My favorite subject is science.

  1.Why…….. (为什么….. ) Because……(因为……)

  2.because (因为),so(所以)两者不能同时用于一个句子中。

  3.What’s one’s favorite …… One’s favorite….is…….

  4.Who (谁)<作主语时> +动词 (三单式)+ 其它

  eg: Who has a computer (谁有电脑 )

  5.在星期几用 “on”. 6.be busy (忙的) be free (有空)

  7.对星期几提问用: What day is it today (今天星期几 )

  (It’s) + 星期几.

  8.对日期提问用: What’s the date today (今天是几号 )

  (It’s) + 日期.

  9.have + 科目(上…….课) 10.after class(课后)

  11.after school (放学后)12.be tired(疲倦;累的)

  13.play with……(和…..玩)14.like doing sth. (喜欢做…)

  15. some (一些) <常用于肯定句中,但也可用于表请求语气的句型中。eg: Can/May/Could I …….?和 Would you like….

  16.any (一些) <常用于否定句和疑问句中>

  Unit1 Where’s your pen pal from

  1.pen pal = penfriend (笔友)2.be from = come from (来自于..)

  3.the United States = the USA = America (美国)

  4.the United Kingdom = England = Britain(英国)

  5.city (单) cities (复) 6.speak + 语言 (说某种语言)

  7.same (相同的) <前面常与the连用,后面接单数名词>

  8.different (不同的) <后面接复数名词>

  9.too (也)<位于肯定句句末> = also (也) <靠近动词>

  10.too (太) <位于形容词之前>

  11.Where is/are sb. from Sb. am/is/are from…….。

  12.Where do/does sb. come from

  Sb. come(s) from……

  Unit2Where’s the post office

  1.There is/are (有) + sth.(某物) +sw. (某处) (有某物在某处)

  2.Sb. have/has + sth. (某物)(某人有某物)

  3.next to….(贴近;靠近)4.between….and…..(在两者之间)

  4.across from…= on the other side of….(在……对面)

  5.in front of…..(在…..外面的前面)

  6.in the front of……(在…..里面的前面)

  7.turn right/left (向右/左转) 8.on the right/left (在右/左边)

  9.on one’s right/left (在某人的右/左边)

  10.near here = in the neighborhood(在附近)

  11.in the picture (在图中) 12.go straight(直走)

  13.Go/Walk along/down…..(沿着…..走)

  14. 问路: a.Where’s the…….,please (请问,…… 在哪儿?)

  b.Is there a/an……near here/in the neighborhood

  (这儿附近有…….吗?)

  15.a. take the + 序数词 +turning +on the right/left

  b. turn right/left at the + 序数词 + turning.

  16.Excuse me (打扰一下;劳驾一下)

  17.You’re welcome = That’s all right. =Not at all. (不用谢)

  18.clean (干净的) dirty (脏的) 19.new(新的) old(旧的)

  20.big (大的) small (小的)21.quiet(安静) busy(忙的)

  22.Welcome to…….(欢迎到…….) 23.the way to….(去…..的路)

  24.the beginning of…… (…..的开始) 25.go through (穿过)

  26.take/have a walk = go for a walk(散步)

  27.take a taxi/bus(坐的士/汽车) 28.with (和…一起;有着)

  29.enjoy doing sth. (喜欢做某事)

  Unit3Why do you like koalas

  1.kind of = a little bit (有几分) 2.a kind of….(一种….)

  3.all kinds of…..(各种各样的…..) 4.be afraid of….(害怕….)

  5.leaf (单) leaves (复)6.at night = in the evening (在晚上)

  7.smart = clever (聪明)8.during the day (白天期间)

  9.beautiful ugly (丑陋的)

  Unit4 I want to be an actor

  1.want to be a/an….(想要当…..) 2.shop assistant (店员)

  3.a.What + do/does + sb. +do b.What + be +sb.

  c.What’s + one’s +job (某人是干什么工作的 )

  4.give sth. to sb. = give sb. sth. (把某物给某人)

  5.talk to/with…..(与….交谈) 6.TV station (电视台)

  8.police station (派出所)9.in a hospital (在医院里)

  10.in hospital (住院)11.go out (出去) 12.go back (回去)

  13.come out (出来)14.come back (回来)

  15.in the day (在白天)16.thief (单) thieves (复)

  17.hard = difficult (困难) easy (简单)

  18.be in (参加;在家)19.school play (校园剧)

  20.young (年轻的) old (老的)

  21.put on (穿上) <动作>wear (穿着) <状态>

  22.listen to….(听……) <对象>hear (听见) <结果>

  23.look at….(看……)<对象>see (看见) <结果>

  Unit5I’m watching TV

  1.现在进行时: a.现在正在发生或进行的动作.

  b.构成: 主语 + be动词 + 动词的现在分词<两者缺一不可>

  c.动词现在分词的构成:<1>一般直接在词尾加“ing”;

  <2>以不发音“e”结尾的,去 “e”加 “ing”;

  <3>双写最后一个字母,再加 “ing”; eg: begin,get,let,sit,put,run,

  drop,hit,forget,swim,stop,travel,plan,shop;

  d.现在进行时的标志词:look, listen, now, It’s+ 时刻,

  2.do one’s homework = do homework (做家庭作业)

  3.a.看电视/比赛用“watch”; b.看书/报纸/杂志用“read”;

  4.wait for….(等候….)5.TV show(电视节目)

  6.at school/home/work (在学校/家/工作)

  7.Make telephone calls(打电话)

  a.Hello,here is/it’s+ 电话号码(你好!这儿是……)

  b.Hello,may/can/could I speak to……,please

  (你好,我可以与……通话吗?)

  c.Who’s that (speaking) (你是谁?)

  d.This is…….(speaking) .(我是…..)

  e.Is that…….(speaking) /Is…….. there (你是….吗?)

  Unit 6It’s raining

  1.cloud (云) cloudy (多云的) wind (风) windy (有风的)

  sun (太阳) sunny (晴朗的)rain (/下雨) rainy (下雨的)

  snow (雪/下雪) snowy (下雪的)

  2.询问天气: What’s the weather like = How’s the weather

  It’s+ 气候.

  3.How’s it going (情况怎样了?)

  4.pretty (相当) = quite /very (十分)pretty (漂亮) = beautiful

  5.hot (热) cold (冷)6.cool (凉爽) warm (暖和)

  7.humid (潮湿) dry (干燥) 8.lie (躺) lying

  9.Thanks for sth./doing sth.(因….而感谢)

  10.on vacation (度假) 11.on the beach (在沙滩上)

  12.take photos/pictures (照相)

  13.a group of…(一群…)<后接复数名词>

  14.beach volleyball (沙滩排球) 15.be surprised (吃惊的)

  16.have a good/great/nice time = have fun (玩得高兴)

  17.everyone (每人) someone (某人) everything (一切)

  something (某物) nobody (没有人) <作主语时,当作第三人称单数>18.want sb.to do sth. (想要某人做某事)

  19.in order to……(为了….)

  Unit7 What does he look like

  1.short hair (短发) long hair (长发)

  2.straight hair (直发) curly hair (卷发)

  3.medium height (中等个子)4.medium build (中等身材)

  5.What does/do + sb. + look like (某人长什么样?)

  a.Sb. + be + 形容词/ b.Sb. has/have + 名词

  6.look like = be like (看起来像…….)

  7.always (总是) never (决不)

  8.stop doing sth. (停止做某事) stop to do sth. (停下来做…..)

  9.telljokes/stories (讲笑话/故事)

  10.remember (记得) forget (忘记)

  Uuit8 I’d like some noodles

  1. I’d like = I would likeshe’d like = she would like

  2.would like = want to sth./to do sth. (想要某物/做某事)

  3.clean(干净的) <形容词> dirty (脏的)/ (打扫) <动词>

  4.beef and tomato noodles (牛肉西红柿面)

  5.chicken and cabbage noodles (鸡肉白菜面)

  6.potato and mutton noodles (土豆羊肉面)

  7.What kind of….would you like (你想要哪种……?)

  What would you like/do you want (你想要什么?)

  8.What size bowl of noodles would you like

  (你想要多大碗面?)

  I’d like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.

  9.as well as…(也;而且)10.green tea (绿茶)

  11.orange juice (桔汁)

  12.a. or (或者) <用于选择疑问句中>

  b.or (和) <用于连接否定中并列内容>