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2017年广东省本科插班生考试《公共英语》考试大纲

时间:2017-07-24 专插本 我要投稿

  Ⅰ.考试性质与目的

  普通高等学校本科插班生招生考试是由专科毕业生参加的选拔性考试,高等学校将根据考生的成绩,按已确定的招生计划,德、智、体全面衡量,择优录取。因此,本科插班生考试应有较高的信度、较高的效度、必要的区分度和适当的难度。

  《英语》是所有报考本科插班生非英语专业考生的必考科目。

  Ⅱ.考试形式及试卷结构

  一、考试形式

  闭卷、笔试,考试时间为120分钟,试卷满分为100分。

  二、试卷结构

  试卷包括客观性试题和主观性试题。客观性试题由“词汇与语法结构”、“完型填空”、“阅读理解”三部分组成,主要考查考生对英语词汇知识、英语语法知识及英语阅读能力的掌握;主观性试题为英文作文题,主要考查考生的英语应用文写作能力。

  1.试卷结构

   题型

        试题内容

题量

   赋分

 

客观性试题

第一部分:词汇与语法结构

   30

   30

第二部分:阅读理解

   20

   40

第三部分:完形填空

   15

   15

主观性试题

第四部分:写作

   1

   15

                合计

   66

   100

  2.题型考查要求

  第一部分 词汇与语法结构(Vocabulary and Structure)(30%)

  本部分共30小题,每小题1分。主要考查考生对英语词汇与语法知识的掌握情况。词汇考查范围按《高职高专教育英语课程教学基本要求》(试行)(教育部高等教育司编,高等教育出版社,2000年,以下简称《基本要求》)中A级要求执行,即3400个一般词汇(详见《基本要求》的附表四----词汇表);语法结构部分考查考生对《基本要求》中规定的语法知识的掌握与运用(详见《基本要求》的附表三----语法结构表)。

  第二部分 阅读理解(Reading Comprehension)(40%)

  本部分共20小题,每小题2分,包括4篇短文,总阅读量(不含试题部分)不少于1000个英文单词。主要考查考生的综合阅读能力,要求考生根据短文的内容完成所附问题:从每小题所给的4个答案选项中选出最佳选项。该部分主要考查:(l)根据上下文猜测某个词或词组的具体含义;(2)对文中某句话的释义或言外之意的理解;(3)根据短文内容判断陈述的真伪;(4)寻找文中重要具体信息(如数字、人名、地名等);(5)概括短文或段落的中心思想、话题或合适的标题;(6)判断作者的态度,观点意图或者写作目的;(7)根据短文的内容进行推断。

  第三部分 完型填空(Cloze)(l5%)

  本部分共15小题,每小题1分。主要考查考生理解能力以及对词汇、语法和固定搭配等英语知识掌握与应用的能力,属于综合测试题。

  在一篇短文中留出15个空白处,要求考生阅读短文后,从每题所给的4个选项中选出最佳选项,补全短文,使其结构完整、前后连贯、前后照应、意思完整。

  第四部分 写作(Writing)(l5%)

  本部分满分为15分。要求考生根据所给的提示,用英语写一篇约100个单词的简短应用文,主要考查考生基本的英语应用文写作能力。考查涉及的应用文主要有信函、简历、申请书、通知、告示、请假条等。

  《高职高专教育英语课程教学基本要求(试行)》附表三——语法结构表

  (教育部高等教育司编,高等教育出版社,2000年,以下简称《基本要求》)

  一、本表列出了英语课程教学中学生需掌握的语法知识。

  二、本表所规定的是学生应该掌握的语法知识和技能范围,并不要求在教学中对所列全部项目进行专题讲授。语法教学的重点是培养学生实际使用语法的能力。

  Symbols & Abbreviations Nomenclature

  N Noun

  Pron Pronoun

  Num Numeral

  Art Article

  Prep Preposition

  Adj Adjective

  Ad Adverb

  Det Determiner

  V Verb

  V-ing1 Gerund

  V-ing2 Present participle

  V-ed1 Past form of verb

  V-ed2 Past participle

  To V Infinitive

  S Subject

  O Object

  Oi Indirect object

  Od Direct object

  Cs Subject complement

  Co Object complement

  Wh-words who, when, where, how, why, which, whether

  Conj Conjunction

  Exc Exclamation

  1.Noun (名词):

  1.1 Classes of N: countable vs. Uncountable (名词的种类:可数名词与不可数名词)

  1.2 Number of N (名词的数)

  1.3 Irregular plurals (不规则复数)

  1.4 Genitive case of N (名词的所有格)

  1.5 Double genitive (双重所有格)

  e. g . a portrait of Mr. Brown’s (cf. a portrait of Mr. Brown)

  2.Pronoun (代词)

  2.1 Personal pronoun (人称代词)

  2.2 Demonstrative pronoun (指示代词)

  2.3 Possessive pronoun (物主代词)

  2.4 Reflexive pronoun (反身代词)

  2.5 Interrogative pronoun(疑问代词)

  2.6 Indefinite pronoun(不定代词)

  2.7 Reciprocal pronoun(相互代词)

  2.8 Relative pronoun(关系代词)

  3.Numeral(数词)

  3.1 Cardinal and ordinal numbers(基数词和序数词)

  3.2 Percentage(百分数)

  3.3 Fraction(分数)

  3.4 Decimal (小数)

  3.5 Multiple(倍数)

  3.6 Year, Month, Date, Time(年份、月份、日期、时刻)

  4.Determiner(限定词)

  4.1 Definite and indefrinite articles(定冠词和不定冠词)

  4.2 any, all, both, each, every, either, neither, no, this, etc.

  4.3 Quantifiers(数量词)

  e.g.many,a piece of, etc

  5.Preposition(介词)

  5.1 Simple preposition(简单介词)

  5.2 Compound preposition(复合介词)

  6.Adjective(形容词)

  6.1 Syntactic function of Adj(形容词的句法功能)

  6.2 Adj+Prep

  6.3 Adj+toV

  6.4 Adj+that-clause

  6.5 Too+Adj+to V

  6.6 Adj+enough+to V

  6.7 so+Adj+as+to V

  7.Adverb(副词)

  7.1 Syntactic function of Adv(副词的句法功能)

  7.2 Adverbs with or without-ly(带-ly和不带-ly的副词)

  e.g.high, highly; most, mlostly, etc.

  7.3 Position of adverbs (副词的位置)

  8.The comparative and superlative degrees of Adj/Adv(形容词和副词的比较级和最高级)

  9.Verb classes(动词)

  9.1 Transitive and intransitive verbs(及物动词和不及物动词)

  9.2 Auxiliaries and modal auxiliaries (助动词和情态动词)

  9.3 Phrasal verbs(短语动词)

  e.g. depend on, turn out, catch up with, etc.

  10. Tense(时态)

  10.1 Simple present, past, future(一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时)

  10.2 Present and past progressive(现在进行时和过去进行时)

  10.3 Future progressive(将来进行时)

  10.4 Present and past perfect(现在完在时和过去完成时)

  10.5 Future perfect (将来完来时)

  10.6 Present perfect progressive(现在完成进行时)

  10.7 Past perfect progressive(过去完成进行时)

  11.Passive voice(被动语态)

  11.1 Passive voivce in simple tenses(被动语态的一般式)

  11.2 Passive voice in perfect and progressive tenses(被动语态的完成式和进行式)

  11.3 Passive voice of phrasal verbs(短语动词的被动语态)

  11.4 Passive voice of modal verbs(含情态动词的被动语态)

  12.Subjunctive mood(虚拟语气)

  12.1 in conditional sentences(用于条件句中)

  12.1.1 if+V-ed1…would+V

  12.1.2 if+had+V-ed2…would +have+V-ed2

  12.1.3 if+should/were to+V, …would+V

  12.1.4 omission of if(if的省略)

  12.2 in the following that-clause after(用于下列动词的that宾语从句中)

  wish, demand, suggest, etc

  It + be + suggested / desirable. etc.

  Suggestion, recommendation, etc.

  12.3 in the following clauses and constructions(用于下列从句和结构中)

  as if + clause, as though + clause

  It is time that

  Would rather

  13.To V(Infinitive动词不定式)

  13.1 as subject, object, attribute and complement(用作主语,宾语、定语和补足语)

  13.2 Indicating purpose/result(表示目的/结果)

  13.3 It+(be)+Adj(+for+sb.)+ to V

  13.4 wh-words+ to V(phrase)(疑问词加不定式[短语])

  13.5 to be+V-ed2, to have+V-ed2,to be +V-ing2(不定式的被动式、完成式和进行式)

  14.V-ing1(Gerund动名词)

  14.1 as object, subject and predicative(用作宾语、主语和表语)

  14.2 Prep+V-ing1

  14.3 It+be+...+V-ing1

  14.4 N/Pron or their Possessive+ V-ing1 as subject and object(名词/代词或其所有格加动名词作主语和宾语)

  14.5 Prep+N/Pron or their possessive+ V-ing1(介词加名词/代词或其所有格加动名词)

  14.6 Being+ V-ed2,having+V-ed2(动名词的被动式和完成式)

  15.V-ing2 and V-ed2(Present and Past Participle现在分词和过去分词)

  15.1 as premodifier and postmodifier in a noun phrase(作名词的前位和后位修饰语)

  15.2 as complement(作补足语)

  15.3 as an adverb clause equlvalent(作状语)

  15.4 when/while,etc.+V-ing2/ V-ed2(when/while等+现在分词或过去分词)

  15.5(with)N+V-ing2/V-ed2([with]+名词+现在分词或过去分词)

  15.6 being+ V-ed2, havins+ V-ed2,having been+ V-ed2 as an adverb or adjective clause equivalent (现在分词的被动式、完成式和完成被动式作状语或定语从句)

  16. Baslc sentence pattems and sentence elements(基本句型和句子成分)

  Pattern l:S+V

  Pattern 2:S+V+Cs

  Pattern 3:S+V+O

  Pattern 4:S+V+Oi+Od

  Pattern 5:S+V+Od+Co

  17.Transformation of basic sentence patterns(基本句型转换)

  17.1 Interrogative form(疑问形式)

  17.2 Negative from(否定形式)

  17.3 Imperative form(命令形式)

  17.4 Passive form(被动形式)

  18.There be There be结构

  18.1 There+(be)+N+Adv

  18.2 There will-/modal V+be/exist(s)/seem(s)to be/appear(s)to be +N+Adv

  18.3 There (be)+N+Adj/V-ing2/V-ed2/to V/relative clause

  19.Agreement(一致关系)

  19.1 Between subject and predicate V(主语和谓语动词的一致关系)

  19.2 Between pronoun and its antecedent(代词与其先行词的一致关系)

  20.Noun clause(名词从句)

  20.1 that and omission of that(that和that的省略)

  20.2 whether, if

  20.3 which(ever),who(ever), whom, whose

  20.4 when, where, why, how, how much/many/long/often

  20.5 what, whatever

  21.Attributive clause(定语从句)

  21.1 Restrictive and non-restrictive(限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句)

  21.2 That, which, who, whom, when, where, why

  21.3 Whose

  21.4 Omission of that/which(that/which的省略)

  21.5 (N+Pron+)Prep+which/whom/whose

  21.6 the same/such…as

  21.7 which/as(with sentential antecedent)(which/as指代句子)

  22.Apposition(同位关系)

  22.1 Noun in apposition(名词作同位语)

  22.2 Appositive clause(同位语从句)

  22.3 Noun phrase as appositive to clause(名词短语作句子的同位语)

  22.4 explicit indicators of apposition

  e.g. that is(to say), for example, etc.

  23.Clauses of time and space (时间从句和地点从句)

  23.1 when(ever), while, as, after, before, since

  23.2 where(ever)

  23.3 until, till

  23.4 once, the moment, as soon as , each time, immediately (that), no sooner…than.

  24.Clauses of condition, concession and contrast(条件从句,让步从句和对比从句)

  24.1 if, unless

  24.2 provided/providing(that), as/so long as, in case, on condition that, supposing

  24.3 though, although, whether, even though, even if

  24.4 no matter+wh-words

  24.5 wh-words+-ever

  24.6 whereas, while

  24.7 Adj/Adv+as/though

  25.Clauses of cause, result and purpose(原因从句、结果从句和目的从句)

  25.1 because, as, for, for, for this reason, etc.

  25.2 hence, therefore, then, as a result of , etc.

  25.3 for, for this purpose, with this in mind, lest, in order than, etc.

  26.Clauses of manner and comparison(方式从句和比较从句)

  26.1 as, as…as, not so (as)…as, more than, less than, no/not more than

  26.2 as, juse as

  26.3 as if, as though

  27.Clauses of proportion and other types(表示比较关系的从句和其它从句)

  27.1 the…, the…

  27.2 as…, so…

  27.3 except that

  28.Coordination(并列)

  Coordinators:and, both…and, not only…but(also), as well as, either…or, neither…nor, whether…or, not…but, for, etc.

  29.Clauses with introductory it(用引导词it的从句)

  29.1 Anticipatory it as subject or object

  29.2 it in emphatic sentence

  e.g. It is/was…that/who

  30.Pro-form(替代形式)

  30.1 Pro-forms for noun phrases(名词短语的替代形式)

  30.1.1 3rd person pronouns, and plurals of the 1st and 2nd person pronouns(第三人称代

  词、第一和第二人称代词的复数)

  30.1.2 indefinite pronouns(不定代词)(+of+N/Pron)

  30.1.3 one, ones, that, those

  30.1.4 the same, the former, the latter

  30.2 Pro-forms for adverbials(状语的替代形式)

  here, then, thus

  30.3 Pro-forms for predicate(谓语的替代形式)

  30.3.1 do, do so

  30.3.2 so do, so will

  30.4 Sentence/Clause reference(句子或从句的替代形式)

  30.4.1 this, the following

  30.4.2 so, not

  e.g. A:Do you think he will come?

  B:Yes, I think so.(or )No, I think not.

  31.Discontinuous modification(割裂)

  31.1 Siparation of relative clause from is antecedent(定语从句与所修饰的名词割裂)

  31.2 Separation of V-ing2/V-ed2/Prep-phrase from its head noun.(现在分词/过去分词/介

  词短语与所修饰的名词割裂)

  31.3 Separation of appositive (clause) from its antecedent(同位语[从句]与所同位的词的

  割裂)

  31.4 Separation of Prep-phrase from adjective(介词短语与形容词割裂)

  e.g. different techniques from those…

  32.Subject-verb inversion(主语与谓语倒装)

  32.1 Sentences beginning with neither, nor, so, etc.

  32.2 Sentences beginning with negative adverb expressions

  e.g. hardly, never, rarely, etc.

  32.3 Sentences beginning with adverbs of position and direction

  e.g. here, there, down, away, etc.

  32.4 Sentences beginning with a fronted predicative

  e.g. More important is the principle of…

  32.5 Sentences beginning with only+Adv, not only…(but)also…

  33.Parenthesis(插入语)

  e.g. actually, generally speaking, to be exact, as a result, as you see, etc.

  34.Omission(省略)

  34.1 Omission through coordination(并列结构中的省略)

  e.g. It’s cold in December in England, but (it’s cold)in july in New Zealand.

  34.2 Omission in the following clauses(下列从句的省略)

  Whether…or ont; whatever; as; than; the…, the…

  35.Negation(否定)

  35.1 Total negation(全部否定)

  35.2 Partial negation(部份否定)

  35.3 Double negation(双重否定)

  36.Emphasis(强调)

  36.1 By single words or phrases(用单个词或词组)

  e.g. only, even, just, ever, alone, must, still, too, very, a good (great) deal, (by) far, a

  lot, etc.

  36.2 By reflexive pronouns, auxiliary verb do or emphatic it(用反身代词、助动词do或强

  调结构中的it)

  36.3 By inversion or repetition(用倒装或重复)

  e.g. Hardly did I think it possible

  37.Word formation(构词法)

  37.1 Affixation(词缀法)

  37.2 Conversion(转化法)

  37.3 Compounding(合词法)

  38.The use of it (it的用法)

  39. Abbreviation(缩约法)

  e.g. TV, ad, smog, etc

  40.Punctuation(标点)

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