1. the halloween celebration comes from all hallows day or all saints day, the 1st of november. this was originally a pagan festival of the dead, but later became a holiday to honor christian saints。
万圣节的庆祝活动来源于每年11月1日的all hallows day 或all saints day。它原先是异教徒们纪念死者的节日，但是逐渐演变成一个纪念基督圣者的节日。
2. the name halloween comes from a contraction of all hallows eve (evening)， the day before all hallows day. on this night it was believed that the spirits of the dead would try to come back to life!
halloween这个词来自于all hallows eve(夜晚)，all hallows eve是all hallows day前一天的缩写。人们认为在当天晚上，亡者的灵魂会重新复活!
3. dressing up in costumes is one of the most popular halloween customs, especially among children. according to tradition, people would dress up in costumes (wear special clothing, masks or disguises) to frighten the spirits away。
dressing up in costumes是最受欢迎的万圣节风俗之一，尤其是受孩子们的欢迎。按照传统习俗，人们会dress up in costumes(穿戴一些特別的服裝，面具或者装饰)来吓跑鬼魂。
4. popular halloween costumes include vampires (creatures that drink blood)， ghosts (spirits of the dead) and werewolves (people that turn into wolves when the moon is full)。
5. trick or treating is a modern halloween custom where children go from house to house dressed in costume, asking for treats like candy or toys. if they don't get any treats, they might play a trick (mischief or prank) on the owners of the house。
trick or treating 是现代万圣节的风俗。孩子们穿着特殊的衣服走街串巷，讨取糖果和玩具之类的赏赐。如果他们得不到任何的赏赐，就可能会对屋主大搞恶作剧或者胡闹了。
6. the tradition of the jack o' lantern comes from a folktale about a man named jack who tricked the devil and had to wander the earth with a lantern. the jack o' lantern is made by placing a candle inside a hollowed-out pumpkin, which is carved to look like a face。
jack o' lantern 的传统来自于一个民间传说。一个名叫jack的'人戏弄了恶魔，之后就不得不提着一盏灯在地球上流浪。jack o' lantern是用雕刻成脸型，中间挖空，再插上蜡烛的南瓜做成的。
7. there are many other superstitions associated with halloween. a superstition is an irrational idea, like believing that the number 13 is unlucky!
8. halloween is also associated with supernatural creatures like ghosts and vampires. these creatures are not part of the natural world. they don't really exist... or do they?
9. witches are popular halloween characters that are thought to have magical powers. they usually wear pointed hats and fly around on broomsticks。
10. bad omens are also part of halloween celebrations. a bad omen is something that is believed to bring bad luck, like black cats, spiders or bats。
Pumpkins are on salein shops and supermarkets from as early as the beginning of October.
By the last week of October you can see pumpkin lanterns everywhere in shop windows and in people's houses.
Although British people used to use potatoes and turnips, now they use pumpkins to make Jack-o-lanterns unique to the Halloween season.
The name“Jack-o-lantern"comes from an Irish folktale about a man named Stingy Jack who, because of his bad nature, was doomed to roam the earth without a resting place and with only his lit lantern to light the way in the darkness.
【Trick or treating不给糖果就捣乱】
Children love this game! They dress up and then knock on the doors of people's houses in their neighbourhood asking for a ‘trick or treat’.
The neighbour gives them chocolates, sweets or money as a ‘treat’.
If there is no treat, the children play a trick on the neighbour, for example, they might throw soap at the window.
It only happens once a year so even the stingiest adultsmightgive something to the kids as a treat!
Across the UK, people throw parties to celebrate Halloween. The biggest Halloween party has to be in Sheffield at the end of October.
A lot of people go there to experience Fright Night. Can you image a party with about 40,000 people?
There are activities for people of all ages: fancy dress catwalk, urban dance, a monster in a fountain and a zombie garden, as well as the traditional apple bobbing and a competition for the best pumpkin lantern.
This is a fun and competitive game which is very traditional. What you do is to place lots of apples in a large tub or a bowl of water - not too cold or too hot.
This is because the participants or competitors have to take a bite from one of the apples without using their hands.
Sometimes the participants are blindfolded, just to make it even more challenging and fun.