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2017英语六级翻译预测

时间:2018-01-14 英语六级 我要投稿

  英语六级的翻译题也是考试中的一个难点,下面是小编分享的英语六级翻译预测,欢迎阅读!

  英语六级翻译预测【1】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  黄河(the Yellow River)为中国第二大长河,也是世界著名的长河之一。黄河流经九个省区,在中国北方蜿蜒流动。从髙空俯瞰,它非常像一个巨大的“几”字,又隐约像是我们民族那独一无二的图腾(totem)—龙。由于河流中段流经中国黄土高原(Loess Plateau)地区,因此夹带了大世的泥沙(sediment),所以它也被认为是世界上含沙量最多的河流。在中国历史上,黄河给人类文明带来很大的影响,是中华民族最主要的发祥地之一,因此中国人称其为“母亲河”。

  参考译文:

  The Yellow River, the second longest river in China, is one of the most famous long rivers in the world. The Yellow River flows through nine provinces, meandering in northern China. Seen from the sky, it is much like a huge Chinese character "ji"(meaning a few), and it is also a bit like the unique totem of Chinese nation dragon. Since the middle part of the river flows through the Loess Plateauin China, a lot of sediment is carried away. Therefore, it is also considered as the river with the most sediment in the world. In Chinese history, the Yellow River has significant influence on human civilization and it's one of the most important birthplaces of the Chinese nation, so Chinese people call it the "Mother River".

  1.黄河为中国第二大长河:可译为The Yellow River,thesecond longest river in China.首句译文通过使用主语的名词同位语结构,很好地表达了作为中国第二长河的黄河在世界上的位置。

  2.在中国北方蜿蜒流动:此处可译为非谓语形式meanderingin northern China.

  3.高空俯瞰:可译为seen from the sky,是过去分词结构作状语。

  4.大量的:可译为a lot of,lots of,a great/large amount of,a great/large quantity of,plenty.

  5.被称为:常见表达方法有be called,be known as或be referred as.

  6.最主要:除了用the most important,还可用main来表达。

  7.中华民族的发祥地:可译为birthplace of the Chinese nation.

2017英语六级翻译预测

 

  英语六级翻译预测【2】

  在中国,尊老爱幼是中华民族的优秀传统。早在汉朝时期(the Han Dynasty), 政府就曾多次颁布法令,提倡并奖励孝敬老人的行为。中国人以爱、教育、友善和严格的方式对待子孙后代,体现了强烈的道德责任感。尊老爱幼的传统在现代社会得以发扬光大。现在,中国的老人和儿童都有法定的假期—老人节(Elders'Day)和儿童节。除此之外,政府还颁布特定的法律保护妇女儿童,法律也明确规定中国公民有义务赡养父母、抚养子女。

  参考译文:

  It is a fine tradition in China to respect the old and love the young. As early as the Han Dynasty, the government issued laws many times to advocate and reward behavior relating to treating the old with respect. The Chinese people treat their offspring with love and education, with kindness and strictness, embodying a strong sense of moral responsibility. The tradition of respecting the old and taking care of the young has been carried forward in modern times. At present, the old and the young in China have their own legal holidays—Elders' Day and Children's Day. Besides, the government has issued specific laws to protect women and children; and some laws also stipulate in explicit terms that Chinese citizens have obligations to take care of parents and raise children.

  词句点拨

  1.尊老爱幼:可译为respect the old and love the young。

  2.早在汉朝时期:“早在”可以用as early as表达。

  3.发扬光大:可译为carry forward。

  4.强烈的道德责任感:可译为a strong sense of moral responsibility。

  5.明确规定:可译为stipulates in explicit terms。

  英语六级翻译预测【3】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  农业是中国的重要产业。中国的农业产居世界首位,主要出产大米、小麦、土豆、花生、茶叶和棉花。尽管中国的可耕地(arable land)仅占世界的10%,但是中国却为世界上20%的人口提供粮食。由于中国是发展中国家且可耕地严重匮乏,中国的农业一直是劳动密集型(labor-intensive)。中国政府密切关注农业,加大投资力度,积极开展灌溉和水资源保护,以提髙农业生产的现代化水平,使得中国各类农产品的产品迅速增加。然而,由于人口众多,人均农产品产量很低。

  参考译文:

  Agriculture is an important industry in China.Chinaranks first in agricultural output worldwide, primarilyproducing rice, wheat, potatoes, peanuts, tea, andcotton. Although accounting for only 10 percent ofarable land worldwide,China produces food for 20percent of the world's population.Due to China's status as a developing country and itssevere shortage of arable land,farming in China has always been the labor-intensiveindustry. Chinese government has been paying close attention to agriculture,increasing theinvestment and actively carrying out irrigation and water conservancy to improve themodernization of agricultural production, which leads to a high growth rate in China's output ofvarious agricultural products. However, due to the large population,the amount of theagricultural products per capita is small.

  1.重要产业:可译为important industry.其中industry除了表示“产业”,还可表示“工业”,例如heavy industry意为“重工业”。

  2.仅占……的10%:可译为accounting for only 10 percentof.其中account for意为“占……比例”。

  3.可耕地:可译为arable land.

  4.密切关注:可译为pay close attention to.参考译文中用了现在完成进行时。

  5.灌溉和水资源保护:可译为irrigation and water conservancy.

  6.人均:可译为per capita.