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博思阅读攻克单词和句子结构

时间:2017-06-30 博思英语 我要投稿

  博思阅读是考试一大难点,很多考生在阅读上失手。其主要存在以下几个难点:单词、句子阅读、阅读速度和考生主观臆断。针对这些问题本人谈谈自己的备考经验。

博思阅读攻克单词和句子结构

  一、单词:准备单词卡片,循环背诵一般博思阅读中涉及词汇量不是很大,考生具备4000左右即可应考。单词贫乏的考生,一定要及时补充词汇,打下扎实的基础。在应试时很容易遗忘或混淆单词的意义,为了避免类似情况发生,一定要加强单词意义的理解。对此,考生可以制作单词卡片,正反面各写英文和中文解释。制订计划每天背一定量的生词,循环背诵并不断补充。当然,最有效的是阅读文章时记忆单词。

  二、句子:参考上下文,分析主谓结构在句子理解方面,考生最容易犯的错误就是根据自己已有经验片面理解。博思阅读中有的题目考的是对于文章中某一句子的理解,要参考上下文客观地看问题。考生应对一些复合句,尤其是双重否定句、比较句、指代句等有较深了解。特别在遇到复杂句时,应静心思考,从把握句子主干一一主谓结构着手来分析解剖句子结构。

  三、阅读扫描全文,做出标记博思阅读追求速度(speed)与准确度(accuracy)的完美结合。快而不准或准而太慢都会影响考分。考生在勤奋练习的时候掌握一些阅读技巧将达到事半功倍的效果。快速阅读最关键的是在扫描全文的时候把握每段的主旨,并做出标记,在看完全文后对文章的结构主题有大致的了解。此外,考生以单词为单位看文章,遇生词就停顿等坏习惯都要极力避免。

  总之,考生平时多看、多读、多听、多说、多写,多接触英文(much exposure to english)再运用一些阅读技巧,拿下雅思阅读并非一件难事。

  一般把连接词与连接语分为以下三类:

  1.表明事件发生的时间顺序:

  then, first, at once, next, after that, previously, while, when, the following day, etc.

  2.表明文章的组织结构:

  1)listing:

  firstly, in the first place, secondly, thirdly, my next point is, last/finally, etc.

  2)illustrating:

  for example/ for instance, to illustrate, an example/ instance of this is, let‘s take………, take…. for example, etc.

  3)re-stating:

  in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, let me put it this way, or rather, namely, etc.

  4)referring:

  in this respect, in that connection, as we said, apart from this, etc.

  5)resuming:

  to resume, to return to the previous point, getting back to the argument, etc.

  6)summarizing:

  to sum up, in short, it amounts to this, what i have been saying is this, etc.

  7)emphasizing:

  it is worth noting, i would like to direct your attention to, let us consider, we must now turn to, i shall begin by, etc.

  3.表明作者的观点、态度

  1)introducing( or emphasizing) further evidence:

  moreover, furthermore, in addition, what‘s more, as well, etc.

  2)cause:

  because (of), since, owing to, on account of, due to, as a result of, etc.

  3)effect:

  as a result, hence, therefore, consequently, thus, so, etc.

  4)contrasting:

  in / by contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand, nevertheless, whereas, while, yet, however, but, etc.

  5)comparison:

  in like manner, likewise, in the same way, similarly, in comparison with, etc.

  6)purpose:

  to this end, for this purpose, with this in mind, in order to, so that, etc.

  7)intensification:

  indeed, in fact, in any event / case, at no time, to tell the truth, etc.

  了解了这些连接词与连接语的不同功能后,相信你一定会在博思阅读理解上有所收获!