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Artists use caricature to distort the human face or figure for comic affect, __1__while at the same time capturing an identifiable likeness and suggests the essence __2__of the personality or character beneath the surface. The humor lies in the fact __3__the caricature is recognizable, and yet exaggerated.
From their origin in Europe as witty sketches, caricature grew through __4__the eighteenth and nineteenth century, becoming enormously popular in __5__ the United States early in this century. In 1920s and 1930s especially, this lively form of illustration was appeared in newspapers and __6__magazines throughout the country. The caricaturists in this era drew his __7__portraits of important figures primary to entertain. In spirit their work was __8__close to the humor of the fast-developing comic strip and gag cartoon than to the __9__string of political satire. Their subjects were more often amusing than offended __10__by amiable attacks.
2. 将suggests改为 suggesting这是一个以while引导的从句，其中suggest应该与capturing并列。
4. 将their改为its这里its指代单数名词caricature5. 将century改为复数形式6. 将was省略appear是不及物动词，不应用于被动语态。
7. 将his改为their这里指代复数名词 the caricaturists8. 将primary改为primarilyprimarily在这里做状语，修饰不定式短语9. 将close改为比较级形式closer从后面的连词than，可以看出，这里使用了比较状语从句10. 将amusing改为 amused主语subject(受攻击的人)和amuse的逻辑关系是动宾关系，应使用过去分词形式。
DDT, the most powerful pesticide the world had ever known,exposed nature’s vulnerability. Unlike most pesticides, which effect- __1__ tiveness is limited to destroy one or two types of insects, DDT is __2__ capable of killing hundreds of different kinds at once. Developed in 1939, it first distinguished itself during the World War II, cleaning __3__ South Pacific islands of malaria-caused insects for U.S. troops, while __4__in Europe being used as an effective de-lousing power. Its inventor was awarded by the Nobel Prize. __5__ When DDT became available for civilian use in 1945, there were only a few people who expressed the second thought about this __6__ new miracle compound. One was nature writer Edwin Way Teale,who warned, “A spray as discriminate as DDT can upset the economy __7__ of nature of all insects are good, but if they are killed, things __8__ go out of kilter right away.” Another was Rachel Carson, who wrote to the Reader’s Digest to propose an article about series of __9__ tests on DDT being conducted not far from which she lived in Maryland. __10__
2.destroy—destroying。be limited to 词组里的to并不是不定式标记to，而是介词to，要谨访介词to“冒充”不定式to。其他类似的词组还有be opposed to, object to, get used to等等。考试大
4.caused—causing。此句中malaria-causing insects 相当于insects that caused malaria，因此是主动关系，所以应选择-ing形式。
5.by-/。the Nobel Prize实际上是award的另一个宾语，还原成主动结构是…awarded the inventor the Nobel Prize.所以这里应删掉by。
6.the-/。短语second thought或second thoughts意为“仔细斟酌，三思”，如：Robert didn’t give a second thought to borrowing $2,000 from him.
9.^series-a。series这个名词属于单数复数同形，它经常与a和of构成词组a series of表示“一系列的”。