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全国专八考试人文知识考试要点辅导

2017-07-27 16:19:21 1220 1225

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全国专八考试人文知识考试要点辅导

  练习题:

  1 Which name is NOT related to Britain?

  A Northern Ireland B Scotland C Wales D Toronto

  2 The news agency Reuters was founded in _____.

  A London B Birmingham C Liverpool D Manchester

  3 The tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by _____.

  A King Harold B Robin Hood C Oliver Cromwell D William the Conqueror

  4 Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England?

  A The Anglo-Saxon B The Normans C The Vikings D The Romans

  5 Which is the largest city in Scotland?

  A Cardiff B Edinburgh C Glasgow D Manchester

  6 In Britain, children from the age of 5 to 16 _____.

  A can legally receive completely free education

  B can legally receive partly free education

  C cannot receive free education at all

  D cannot receive free education of their parents are rich

  7 The Industrial Revolution started in _____.

  A the Great Britain B the United States C Canada D Australia

  8 What is the name of Britain’s highest mountain?

  A Anne Boleyn B Ben Nevis C Snowdonia D Scafell

  9 Which is the correct name to use to refer to Britain in a political way?

  A Great Britain B The British Isles C The United Kingdom D England

  10 Britain has, for centuries , been slowly tilting with _____.

  A the North-West slowly rising and the South-East slowly sinking

  B the North-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking

  C the South-East slowly rising and the North-west slowly sinking

  D the South-West slowly rising and the North-East slowly sinking

  练习题答案及题解:

  1 D, 多伦多属于加拿大,与英国无关。

  2 A, 路透社创建于伦敦。

  3 D, 伦敦塔是1078年为防止罗马入侵由威廉大帝修建的。

  4 A, 英国民族的前身是安格鲁萨克森人。

  5 C, 格拉斯格是苏格兰最大的城市和经济中心。

  6 A, 英国小孩 5—16岁的教育是免费的。

  7 A, 工业革命起源于英国。

  8 B, 本尼维斯山为英国最高峰。

  9 C, 提起英国,很多人会使用名字“Britain”,“England”或“British”,但这往往会惹恼苏格兰人,威尔士人以及北爱尔兰人。从政治角度来讲,“the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”或 “the United Kingdom/UK”是英国正确的叫法。“the British Isles”则是地理意义上的名字,包括Great Britain,the whole of Ireland ( Northern and Southern),the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man 这些岛屿。

  10 A, 英国几个世纪以来地势一直在缓慢地倾斜,表现为西北部在慢慢上升,而东南部在慢慢下沉,所以英国的西北部为高地。

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