1、The word "accordingly" in line 23 is closest in meaning to
2、The word "administered" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
(原文)The National Marine Sanctuaries Program is administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a branch of the United States Department of Commerce.
3.1、The word "surge" in line 9 is closest in meaning to
(A) sharp increase
(B) sudden stop
(C) important change
(D) excess amount
(原文)The interaction of improve processing and high demand led to the rapid spread of the cultivation of cotton and to a surge in production.
3.2、The word "meticulously" in line 7 is closest in meaning to
(原文)The clay used in prehistoric pot making was invariably selected with the utmost care. Often it was traded over considerable distances. The consistency of the clay was crucial; it was pounded meticulously and mixed with water to make it entirely even in texture. By careful kneading, the potter removed the air bubbles and made the clay as plastic as possible.
4.1.The word "laborious" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
(原文)Cotton could be grown throughout the South, but separating the fiber---or lint--from the seed was a laborious process.
4.2.The word "pits" in line 7 is closest in meaning to
(原文)The Anasazi lived in houses constructed of adobe and wood. Anasazi houses were originally built in pits and were entered from the roof. But around the year 700 A.D., the Anasazi began to build their homes above ground and join them together into rambling multistoried complexes, which the Spanish called pueblos or villages.
5.1.The phrase "forward-looking" in line 4 is closest in meaning to
(原文)Ice was used in hotels, taverns, and hospitals, and by some forward-looking city dealers in fresh meat, fresh fish, and butter.
5.2.The phrase "hinged on" in line 9 is closest in meaning to
(A) recovered from
(B) depended on
(C) started on
(D) contributed to
解析：(原文)Industrial growth hinged on several economic factors.