Task：Some people think getting old is entirely bad. However, others think that life of the elderly in modern world is much easier than in the past. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
本题需要论证的对立观点是：年老很糟糕 vs. 当今社会年老没有那么糟糕。那么，变老有哪些坏处呢?首先，当然是身体条件没有以前好了，甚至可能出现多种疾病(物质层面);其次，不工作了，与人的联系少了，心里可能会感觉孤单，甚至感觉没有价值了(精神层面);最后，变老后对社会的依赖程度更高，给社会增加了压力(社会层面)。那么，这些问题在当今社会是不是得到了解决呢?首先，医疗条件的改善有助于保持老年人的身体状况;互联网的出现有助于缓解老年人的心理孤单问题;物质水平的提高也降低了老年人给社会造成的压力。如此观之，现代社会老年人的生活的确容易多了，但我的观点是：外部条件只是改善老年人生活的一个方面，最重要的还是老年人自己要积极调整心态，努力适应退休后的生活，从而过一个更幸福更祥和的晚年。
Getting old is a natural process that nobody really likes. When you reach a certain age, your physical conditions will inevitably deteriorate, and you may suffer from various kinds of diseases. When you retire, you will feel isolated because your previous work contacts may be all gone, then you may feel useless to the world. Furthermore, when you get too old, you’ll have to rely heavily on the support from others, either physically or emotionally, and your life will become a great pressure to your family and the whole society as well.
For all these bad things about getting old, many people argue that the life of the elderly today is much easier than in the past. In the first place, medical advances nowadays have made it possible for the old people to stay sound and healthy for quite a long while even after they retire. Diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and heart attack which might have inflicted pain on the old people are no longer serious problems for them. Then, with the widespread use of modern communication technology, old people today are no longer isolated from the world. Instead, by using their personal social media, they can always stay in touch with their families and friends, and share with them whatever they find interesting in their life. In this way, they do not really feel lonely or abandoned. Finally, the improved social wealth and pension system have also significantly reduced the pressure the old people pose to their families and communities.
So, I do agree that the old people today are enjoying a much more comfortable life than, say, thirty years ago (not to mention 100). That is why, instead of being worried about their retired life, many people even begin to expect their retirement to come, because they see this as a new beginning of their life. I think, as long as the old people have the right attitude, the modern world has indeed much to offer for their happy, enjoyable and rewarding retired life.
Task：Some people think that tourists can learn very much about a place they are visiting on holiday while others think they cannot. Describe both these views and give your own opinion.
In recent years, traveling is a preferable choice for folks who desire to escape from the tedious daily routines and eager to experience something refreshing and enlightening. It is believed by some people that visitor sare able to learn much about their destinations while others hold the opposite idea.
On one hand, it is admitted that tourists can have a deep understanding of local history especially when paying a visitto ancient cities with precious historical sites and relics. For instance, Xi’an, as the capital of many dynasties in ancient China, where the Terra-Cotta Warriors and Daming Palaceare located is a vivid history book recording the notable achievements and splend or architecture of Qing and Tang dynasty. In addition, if traveling outside the national boundary, travelers have the chance to experience exotic and appealing cultural customs. In Japan, people prefer to wear kimono (an item of traditional Japanese clothing) to attend wedding or formal ceremonies. Also, as soon as the sakura (cherry blossom) are in full bloom, Japanese people would have a picnic with friends or families under the sakura trees, chatting and drinking.
On the other hand, it is understandable that nothing about the visiting place can be learnt. Supposed that taking a vacation in an island resort, all tourists can do is to lie on the beach, swim in the sea, view the sunrise or sunset and enjoy a spa after a day’s sun bath. Having a good relax of their minds and bodies are the first priorities. Besides, for some people, joinery is a time when they could just appreciate attractive scenery and grand beauty of nature as well as taste gourmet cuisines rather than aggravating the burden on brains.
In conclusion, as far as I am concerned, the aims of traveling vary with each individual, which determines whether people could understand the local history and traditions or not. Anyway, travel provides an unparalleled opportunity to explore the world and human inner heart.