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2015年上海市闵行区高三英语二模卷试题及答案「word版」

时间:2018-04-28 试题 我要投稿

  第I卷 (共103分)

  I. listening comprehension(略)

  II. Grammar and vocabulary:

  My husband, my four-month-old daughter and I set out on a five-day journey from California to Washington. We had to stop frequently __25_____(relax) ourselves.

  One of our stops, once we crossed the Oregon border, was at a Black Bear Diner. Walking towards the front door we noticed a gentleman ___26____ (stand) at one side. He was clearly untidy, without shoes and wearing worn clothing. We passed right by him and opened the restaurant door. Then something told me to go back.

  Thinking the gentleman ____27__need something to eat, I turned around and said to the gentleman, “Sir, are you hungry?” He said, “Yes.” I then asked, “May we buy you something to eat?” He responded with, “Sure, I can order something myself.”

  My husband opened the door and the gentleman went straight to the counter. I told him to order __28__ he wanted. The manager of the restaurant came over quite quickly and looked frightened. I spoke before he had an opportunity to say anything. “This gentleman will have lunch with us today,” I said. “Please add his order __29__ our bill.” The manager said with a frown(皱眉), “Ok.” We turned to our table and the gentleman said, loudly and quickly, “Thank you!” Soon we seated ourselves at the table and upon finishing our meal we __30__ our bill. I asked my husband what the gentleman __31___(order). One fresh orange juice, one coffee, one breakfast combination with a slide of hash browns.

  When we left the restaurant I looked for the gentleman but didn’t see him, but that very small act just made my day. I hope in some small way we were able to bring some joy into his life, _32__ _____ it only lasted for a few minutes.

  B.

  Every time you go to the supermarket, you come away with your purchases in plastic bags. But wouldn’t it be kinder to the environment __33___ you asked for paper bags instead?

  __34__ answer is not as easy as it might seem. Environmentalists say there are disadvantages in using both plastic and paper bags.

  Some experts believe that all these bags harm the environment. Plastic takes hundreds of years to break down and , as it does so, poisonous materials are released into the water and soil.

  __35__(far) damage is caused if plastic bags enter the sea. For example, endangered sea turtles cannot tell the bags from jellyfish(水母), their main source of food, and often choke(噎死)on them.

  Floating plastic bags have been spotted as far north as the Arctic Ocean and as far south as the southern end of South America, __36__ has caused great concern among scientists.

  However, this kind of bag does have its advantages.

  “Plastic grocery bags are some of the most ___37__(reuse) things around the house,” explained Laurie Kusek of the American Plastic Council.

  Although paper bags are believed to be more environment-friendly, the fact is unknown t some people __38__ paper bags use more energy when manufactured and create more wastes than plastic bags.

  So you may ask __39__, what to do. One possible solution would be t use biodegradable(可降解的) plastic bags. But it might be wiser to pack things you buy in reusable cloth bags __40___ biodegradable products become more reliable.

  A. belief B. discourage C. choices D. issue E. try F. characterize

  G. demonstrate H. ensure I. incomparable J. opposing K. responsible

  The unique features of colleges and universities in the US. are hardly shared by their competitors in Europe or Asia. Many foreign students are attracted not only to the academic programs at a particular US college but also to the larger community, which affords the chance for them to absorb the surrounding culture. Clubs, sports teams, student publications and drama societies __-41__ colorful and enjoyable American campus life. However, few foreign universities put much emphasis on this. “In people’s minds, the campus and the American university are both admirable,” says Brown University President Vartan Gregorian. In America, people have a strong __42__ that a student’s daily life is as important as his learning experience.”

  Foreign students also come in search of __43__. America’s menu of opinions---research universities, state institutions, private liberal-arts schools, community colleges, religious institutions--- is __44___. No any single Europeans country can offer such variety. “In Europe,” says history professor Jonathan Steinberg, who has taught at both Harvard and Cambridge, there is only one system, and that is it.” From the beginning, students overseas usually are required to ___45__ professional skills in a specific field, whether law or philosophy or Chemistry. Most American universities insist that students have a(n) __46___ on natural and social sciences, languages and literature before choosing a field of concentration.