◆1. 疑问词 + 动词不定式与宾语从句的互换。
⑴ I will show you where you should go .= I will show you _____ __________ .
⑵ Idont know what to do . =I dont know what _____ .A should I do B I should do
⑶ Could you tell me how I can get to Summer Palace ？= Could you tell me how _____ _____ _____Summer Palace ?
※宾语从句应该用陈述语序。如：Could you please tell me ____ ____ ____ ____ （天气如何）in Chongqi?
◆2. 问题/难题 question由于疑惑不解而提出的问题，多和ask / answer搭配使用。
problem指有待解决的较难的问题或物理/数学方面的题等，多与solve /work out 搭配。
⑴ Please answer my________ in English . ⑵ I cant work out this maths _______.
⑶ Thisis a difficult_______ to answer .
◆3.family家/家庭（强调家庭成员，与居住的房子无关）My family are kind people .
home 家（指人出生或居住的地方，带有一定感情色彩）Welcome to my home .
house 房子/住宅（居住的建筑物）They moved to their new house last year .
⑴ How many people are there in your _____? ⑵ I want to save money and buy a big ____.
⑶ Ilove Chengdu , I looked Chengdu as my ______ .
◆4.in front of (在前面) 在某一范围以外的前面There is a tall tree in front of our classroom .
in the front of (在前部) 在某一范围内的前面Twopersons are sitting in the front of the car .
⑴ The policeman stands____________ the car . ⑵ The driver sits ____________ the car .
◆5. 在晚上，在夜里 at night
on + a +adj + night
⑴ You shouldnt go out _____ night. ⑵ He met a thief_____ a cold night .
◆6. 在之间 between （两者之间）多与and连用。
⑴ She is sitting______ Lucy and Lily . ⑵ He built a house ______ the trees .
◆7.sometimes不时；有时（是一般现在时的标志词）Sometimes I go to school by bus .
sometimes 几次（此时time是可数名词，意为次数）He hasbeen to Shanghai some times .
sometime 某个时间（表示在过去或将来的某个时候） I saw him sometime last year .
some time一段时间（此时time是不可数名词） He will stay here for some time .
⑴ Weare going to havea party ________ next week .⑵ _______ the boy is late for school .
⑶ He spent _________in cutting hair .So he missed the early bus .
⑷ LiJun has been to Birds Nest_________ .
◆8.wear +衣服/鞋帽/眼镜等（强调状态）Our teacher often wears a pair of glasses .
put on +衣服/鞋帽/眼镜等（强调动作）Kateputson her hat and goes out .
be in + 颜色/服饰（强调状态）The girl in red is my sister .
dress + 人/反身代词 (给某人穿) She dressesher daughter every morning .
⑴ Youd better ______ yourcoat . ⑵ She was_______ aflower in her hair .
⑶ The boy ______ white is my friend . ⑷ He is too young to______ himself .
⑸ Miss Li often _____the white sports shoes .
※ dress当表示状态时常用be dressed in + 衣物（穿着颜色的衣服）He is dressed in a black coat .他常穿着黑色的外套。
◆ 9.play+ 球类、棋类名词（不加the ）play badminton/ play chess / play computer games
play the+乐器名词。（必须加the） play the violin
⑴ -Do you like toplay ______ football after class , Li Lei ?
- Yes ,Ido . A .a B .the C . /
⑵ Samcant play ________(piano), but he can play ________ (chess) .
◆10.There be 强调某处有 have 强调某人有
⑴ ________two computers in the room . ⑵ My uncle _______ a car .
※当表示整体与局部的关系时，there be与have可互换使用。如：There are twelve months in a year .= A year has twelve months . 一年有十二个月。
say强调说的内容。say sth.to sb.Please say hello tohim .
talk指相互之间的谈话。talk to /with sb表示与某人交谈，talk about sb / sth 表示谈论某人 / 某事。 She is talking with her boss .
tell侧重指告诉，后接双宾语或复合宾语：tell sb.sth. Pleasetell me thetime .
tell sb(not) . to do sth . She told me to wait for her .
※ tell可以和lie ,story搭配。如: tell alie / tell a story / tell a joke / tell a truth .
⑴ From his face we could see that he was _____ a lie . ⑵ Sheis______ at the meeting .
⑶ Fangfang_____ she is at home . ⑷ They are______about the weather .
⑸ He cant _____ it in French, but he can _____ English .
◆12. if引导条件状语从句真实条件状语从句 主句是将来时，从句用现在时代替将来。
⑴ IfI _____ (be) abird , I would ______ (fly) in the sky .
⑵ Ifit _______ (not)rain ,We will climb the hill .
⑶ IfI _____ (win) amillion dollars , I would ______ (travel) aroundthe world .
⑷ Ifhe _____ (study)hard , he will get good grades .
找 look for寻找 find找到
看 look(at)看 see看见
look for/ find
⑴ Iam _______ my watch , but I cant _______it anywhere .
look at /see
⑴ Please_______ your books , boys and girls . ⑵ ______ !What a playful monkey it is !
listen to/ hear
⑴ Dont shout ! I can_______ you .
⑵ Ann likes _______music with her friends on weekends .
◆14.ago 副词，以前,一段时间后接ago .
⑴ Ihave never been there _______ .
⑵ Please call me______ you go .
⑶ My brother joined the army two years ______ .
⑷ Longlong ______ ,There was seven dwarfs（小矮人）in theforest .
◆15. 别的，其他的other 修饰名词，用于名词前。What other animals do you like ?
else修饰不定代词/疑问代词/疑问副词，放它们的后面。What else do you have to do ?
⑴Youd better ask some______ people .
⑵ There is nothing_____ on the desk .
⑴ We go to school at7:00 ________ .
⑵ Whats your______activity ?
take place 表示预先决定的事
※ happen 和take place都不用于被动语态
⑴ Atraffic accident_______ yesterday .
⑵ The May FourthMovement (五四运动)_________ in1919 .
◆18.one the other一个另一个
some others 一些另一些 （另一些并不包括全部）
some the others一些其他的（其他的包括剩下的全部）
⑴ Ihave two brothers,_____ is a teacher , _______ is a doctor .
⑵ _____students are in the classroom , ________ are out .
⑶ At the party ,______ are dancing , ______ are singing
living +n. 作前置定语
The old man is a great and ______scientist.He is still ______ .
◆20. on ones + 序数词 +birthday （在某人几岁生日时）
in ones + 整十的基数词的复数 （在某人几十多岁时）
⑴ Edison invented many things in his _______ (twenty) .
⑵ On my ______(twenty) birthday . I got a new mobile phone .