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成人高考高起点英语高分突破练习题及答案

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成人高考高起点英语高分突破练习题及答案

  一、语音知识:共5小题;每题1.5分。共7.5分。在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

  第1题单选 _______

  A. comb

  B. Globe

  C. Smoke

  D. clock

  第2题单选 _______

  A. Explain

  B. Extent

  C. Exhausted

  D. expand

  第3题单选 _______

  A. Humble

  B. hotel

  C. Honesty

  D. horizon

  第4题单选

  A. shoes

  B. Goes

  C. Does

  D. noses

  第5题单选 _______

  A. chimney

  B. chicken

  C. Chemistry

  D. chairman

  二、词汇与语法知识:共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项。

  第6题单选 In China,_______bicycle is _______popular means of transportation.

  A. the;a

  B. a;不填 ,

  C. the;the

  D. a;the

  第7题单选 Where is the farm_______your brother is working?

  A. that

  B. Which

  C. on which

  D. in which

  第8题单选 The volleyball match will be put off if it________

  A. will rain

  B. Rained

  C. Rains

  D. is raining

  第9题单选 He had a wonderful childhood,_______with his mother to all comers of the world.

  A. travel

  B. to travel

  C. Traveled

  D. traveling

  第10题单选 Jack described his father,who_________ a brave boy many years ago,as a strong-willed man.

  A. would be

  B. would have been

  C. must be

  D. must have been

  第11题单选 Send my regards to your wife when you________home.

  A. Wrote

  B. will write

  C. have written

  D. write

  第12题单选 Where_______in the past three years?

  A. had you gone

  B. have you gone

  C. did you go

  D. have you been

  第13题单选 Drunk driving,which was once a________occurrence, is now under control.

  A. General

  B. frequent

  C. Normal

  D. particular

  第14题单选 He suddenly returned________a rainy nigh.

  A. at

  B. On

  C. In

  D. during

  第15题单选 Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, _______supplies to Yushu, Qinghaiprovince after the earthquake.

  A. sending

  B. to send

  C. having sent

  D. to have sent

  第16题单选 Students must be taught how to deal with dangerous________

  A. States

  B. Conditions

  C. Situations

  D. positions

  第17题单选 When the president and his delegation left the country,_______of people were at the airport to

  A. thousand ; see off them

  B. thousands ; see off them

  C. thousand ; see them off

  D. thousands ; see them off

  第18题单选 --I'm terribly sorry that I made your table cloth dirty.

  __________________________________________

  A. Never mind

  B. Don' t mention it

  C. That' s all right

  D. Sorry

  第19题单选 Although he is considered a great writer,_______his works are not widely read.

  A. But

  B. however

  C. And

  D. 不填

  第20题单选 Would you mind_______I smoke here?

  A. That

  B. when

  C. Because

  D. if

  三、完形填空:共l5小题;每题2分,共30分。通读下面的短文。掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  根据以下材料,回答下面试题

  Brighton is a popular seaside town on the south coast of England. Not long ago, some policemen were very21. There had been several serious accidents 22 by motorists driving too fast. The police

  started to set up a speed trap(速度监视器). They measured23of 88 yards on a straight road and watched to see 24 a car took to 25 that far. They knew that if a ear took six mseconds,it was traveling faster26 the27 limit of 30 miles an hour.

  When the policemen were ready, they hid28 a hedge ( 树篱) and started to time passing

  cars. During their first half an hour, they caught five drivers. The policemen wrote down the 29 of each car and the name and address of the driver. But for the next half an hour the policemen didn' t

  see anybody 30 too fast. They thought that this was very 31. One of them drove a quarter of a mile along the road and saw two students 32 on the grass, They were holding up a sheet of cupboard so

  that motorists cotdd see it. On the notice one of the students 33:"Danger. Speed trap. "

  The policemen took the notice away and wrote down the names of the students. Later on they were each fined5 for 34 to stop the police catching motorists who were 35 the law.

  第21题单选

  A. pleased

  B. excited

  C. delighted

  D. puzzled

  第22题单选

  A. made

  B. experimented

  C. researched

  D. caused

  第23题单选

  A. a way

  B. a distance

  C. a path

  D. a highway

  第24题单选

  A. how long

  B. how far

  C. how soon

  D. how often

  第25题单选

  A. walk

  B. fly

  C. cross

  D. travel

  第26题单选

  A. than

  B. less than

  C. the same as

  D. no less than

  第27题单选

  A. time

  B. speed

  C. expense

  D. area

  第28题单选

  A. over

  B. behind

  C. across

  D. under

  第29题单选

  A. sign

  B. signal

  C. number

  D. shape

  第30题单选

  A. running

  B. walking

  C. driving

  D. climbing

  第31题单选

  A. common

  B. usual

  C. ordinary

  D. strange

  第32题单选

  A. seat

  B. seating

  C. sitting

  D. sit

  第33题单选

  A. writes

  B. was writing

  C. has written

  D. had written

  第34题单选

  A. trying

  B. lying

  C. tying

  D. frying

  第35题单选

  A. obeying

  B. studying

  C. keeping to

  D. breaking

  四、阅读理解:共15小题;每题3分。共45分。阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

  根据以下材料,回答下面试题

  Moods, say the experts, are feelings that are likely to become fixed, having effects on one' s out-look ( way of looking at things ) for hours, days or even weeks. That' s great if your mood is a pleasant one, but a problem if you are sad, anxious, angry or simply lonely.

  Perhaps the best way to deal with such moods is to talk them out;sometimes, though, there is no one to listen. Modern pharmacology ( 药物学 ) offers a lot tranquilizers ( 镇定剂 ) and anti-anxiety drugs. What many people don' t realize, however, is that scientists have discovered the effectiveness of several non-drug methods to make you free from an unwanted mood. These can be just as useful as drugs, and have the added benefit of being nonpoisonous. So next time you feel out of sorts, don' t head for

  the drug store--try the following method.

  Of all the mood-changing self-help techniques, aerobic exercise seems to be the best cure for a bad mood. "If you could keep the exercise, you' d be in high spirits, "says Kathryn Lance, author of Running for Health and Beauty.

  Researchers have explained biochemical and various other changes that make exercise compare favorably to drugs as mood-raiser. Physical work such as housework, however, does little. The key is aerobic exercise--running, cycling, walking, swimming, or other repetitive and sustained activities that increase the heart rate and circulation (循环), and improve the body' s use of oxygen. Do them "for at least 20 minutes a time,three to five times a week.

  第36题单选 What is the main subject of the passage?

  A. How to beat a bad mood.

  B. How to talk bad moods out.

  C. How to do physical exercises.

  D. How to do aerobic exercise.

  第37题单选 It can be inferred from the passage that

  A. when one is in a bad mood, he or she may not work very well

  B. the best way to overcome a bad mood is to talk to oneself

  C. some drugs are more effective than physical exercises

  D. taking drugs is at the risk of being poisonous

  第38题单选 "Feel out of sorts", as it is used in the second paragraph, could best be replaced by

  A. put things in order

  B. are in a bad mood

  C. search for tranquilizers

  D. want a mood-raiser

  第39题单选 Which of the following best describes the organization of this passage?

  A. An exercise and its importance are explained.

  B. A problem is examined and solutions are given.

  C. Two different views of a problem are presented.

  D. Recent developments in medicine are described.

  根据以下材料,回答下面试题

  Popular British author, Charles Dickens'1812--1870) family could hardly make ends meet. They could only afford to send one of their six children to school. Dickens was not that child. I-Iis parents chose to send a daughter, who had a talent for music, to an academy. Then at the age of 12, Dickens' life took another turn for the worse.

  His father, a clerk, was placed in prison for unpaid debts. And, being the oldest male left at home, Dickens took up work at a factory. His horrible experience there became the fuel for his future writing.

  His father was freed three months later and inherited a small amount of money. Dickens was then sent to school.

  From 1836 to 1837, he wrote a monthly series of stories. Thus The Pickwick Papers, came into being, which brought fame to him.

  Throughout his career, Dickens covers various situations in his novels. He wrote about the miserable lives of the poor in Oliver Twist, the French Revolution in Tale of Two Cities, and social reform in

  Hard Times. He also wrote David Coppefeld, a book thought to be modeled on his own life.

  "I do not write bitterly or angrily, for I know all these things have worked together to make me what I am," he once said. His "difficult childhood did indeed shape the person he became, as well as his

  writing career. There are shades of young Dickens in many of his most beloved characters, mincluding David Copperfield and Oliver Twist.

  Like the author, all these characters come from poor beginnings and are able to rise above their msetbacks and achieve success. "Minds, like bodies, will often fall into an ill-conditioned state from too much comfort," he once wrote.On June 9th, 1870, aged 58, Dickens died, leaving one unfinished work. The words on his tombstone read: "He was a sympathizer to the poor,

  the sufferingand the oppressed, and by his death, one of England' s greatest writers is lost to the world. "

  第40题单选 The book that first called public attention to Dickens was

  A. The Pickwick Papers

  B. Oliver Twist

  C. Tale of Two Cities

  D. David Copperfield

  第41题单选 The underlined word "shades" in the passage means

  A. symbols

  B. Examples

  C. signs

  D. reminders

  第42题单选 How did Dickens see his childhood?

  A. He felt grateful for it.

  B. He felt it a pity that things weren' t in his favor.

  C. He loved writing about it.

  D. He chose to forget the bitterness about it.

  根据以下材料,回答下面试题

  It may be pointed out that warfare(战争)as practiced by man has no parallel in nature. This is to say that within the more highly developed animal populations of this earth, there is not now, nor has there been similar destruction within

  a species(物种 ) itself. In fact,one has to go to the lowhest forms of animal life, such as certain kinds of ants, to find anything comparable to human warfare. It is a curious fact that mankind appears to give the

  killing of his own kind a good reason by imaging that it is a "law of nature". There are now a lot of wrong ideas about the laws of nature, of which this is one of the most incorrect and fateful( 致命的). Political beliefs have been based upon it with results that have come near to destroying human civilization. The theory that war is a biological necessity, that it is nature' s method of controlling

  population and believing in the survival (生存 ) of the strong and the elimination(灭亡 )of the weak, is totally wrong and insupportable. Within the last century, when wars have been common all over the world, the human population of the earth has almost doubled.

  第43题单选 The main idea of this passage is

  A. warfare is a "law of nature"

  B. warfare is not a "law of nature"

  C. warfare does not control human population

  D. none of the lowlier animals, except ants, practice warfare upon their own species

  第44题单选 According to Sentence 2 ,which of the following is true?

  A. The destruction is similar to the killing of each other within human beings.

  B. There is not the similar destruction now, but it occurred before.

  C. There is never a time when we may see the similar destruction.

  D. The destruction is now a thing of the past.

  第45题单选 What does the "law of nature" mean? You can find the answer in the passage in

  A. the first sentence

  B. the fourth sentence

  C. the seventh sentence

  D. the final sentence

  第46题单选 The author of this passage seems to be________the "law of nature".

  A. Against

  B. in favor of

  C. uncertain of

  D. very much interested in

  根据以下材料,回答下面试题

  Every Chinese-language textbook starts out with the standard phrases(短语) for greeting peo- ple;but as an American, I always found myself unable to speak freely when it came to seeing guests off at the door Just a good-bye would not do, yet that was all I had ever learned frown the terribl books. So I would smile and nod, bowing(鞠躬 ) like a Japanese and searching madly for words thatwould smooth over the visitor' s leaving and make them feel they would be welcome to come again. Inmy unease, I often hid behind the skirts

  of my Chinese husband' s kindness.

  Then finally, hstening to others, I began to pick up the phrases that eased relationships and sent people off not only successfully but also skillfully.

  Partings for the Chinese include a lot of necessary habitual practice. Although I' m not expected to observe or even know all the rules, as a foreigner, I' ve had to learn the expressions of politeness

  and protest ( 抗议,反对 ) at a leaving-taking.

  The Chinese feel they must see a guest off to the farthest possible point-down the flight of stairs to the street below or perhaps all the way to the nearest bus stop. I' ve sometimes waited half an hour or more for my husband to return from seeing a guest off, since he' s

  gone to the bus stop and waited for the next bus to arrive.

  That' s very well,but when I' m the guest being seen off, my protests are always useless. My hostess or host,or both,insists on seeing me down the stairs and welt on my way,with iny repeating the

  "Don't bother( give the trouble)to see me off" at every landing. If I try to go fast to discourage them from following, they are simply out to the discomfort of having to run after me. Better to accept

  the inevitable (不可避免的).

  Besides,that's going against Chinese custom, because haste (doing things quickly)is to be avoided. What do you say when you part from someone? "Go slowly. " Not farewell or Godspeed, but

  "Go slowly". To the Chinese it means "Take care" or "Watch your step", or some such cau- tion, but translated literally ( 照字面地 ) it means "Go slowly".

  第47题单选 It is stated clearly that the writer________.

  A. is interested in the Chinese-language textbooks

  B. is proud of being able to greet people at the door

  C. is unsatisfied with the Chinese-language textbooks

  D. is afraid of the standard phrases from the textbooks

  第48题单选 It can be inferred that the writer

  A. speaks Chinese

  B. lives in the USA

  C. dislikes her husband' s ways of seeing guests off

  D. refuses to follow the Chinese custom of seeing guests off

  第49题单选 According to the passage all of the following are necessary in the Chinese partings except

  A. seeing the guests off to the farthest point

  B. protesting again and again

  C. running after the guests

  D. saying "Go slowly"

  第50题单选 The Chinese use "Go slowly" in their partings so as to

  A. slow down the guests

  B. ask the guests to take care

  C. wish the guests a happy journey

  D. warn the guests of danger on their way home

  五、补全对话:共5句;每旬满分为3分,共15分。根据中文提示。把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方。用疑问句。

  根据以下材料,回答下面试题

  提示:Jane和Michael商量周六去野餐。他们讨论要去什么地方,带些什么。Michael建议

  邀请John和他的女朋友参加。最后他们决定星期六早上8点出发。

  Jane:How do you like the idea of having a picnic this Saturday?

  Michael : Wonderful. But 51 ?

  Jane:What about going to the Western Hills? It's quite cool there.

  Michael:That's a good idea. 52to go with us?

  Jane:OK. And we can ask them to prepare some drinks.

  Michael : 53 ?

  Jane: You' d better buy some fruit, and sandwiches.

  Michael: 54 ?

  Jane: I like oranges, watermelons, grapes, and bananas.

  Michael: 55 ?

  Jane:How about eight o'clock in the morning? We can get there in an hour and a half.

  Michael: OK. I' I1 call John and tell him about our plan.

  第51题简答 ( )

  第52题简答 ( )

  第53题简答 ( )

  第54题简答( )

  第55题简答 ( )

  六、书面表达:满分30分。

  第56题简答 假定你是中国文化知识大赛组委员会主席李华,写信祝贺参赛选手John Smith获得本次大赛一等奖,并通知其以下事项:

  1.出席12月l0日晚在北京友谊宾馆举行的庆祝晚会。

  2.赢得了免费中国10日游。

  3.如果能够参加旅游,应将信中所附表格填好,并准备好护照(passport)。组委会将负责其他相关事宜。

  注意:词数应为100左右

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