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多样式攻克大学英语四级词汇

2018-06-14 00:06:45 1190 1195

  多样式攻克大学英语四级词汇第17期

  1. 【真题】The education ___ for the coming year is about $4 billion , which is much more than what people expected.(1997.1)

  A. allowance

  B. budget

  C. reservation

  D. finance

  2.【真题】In Britain people ____ four million tons of potatoes every year.(2001.1)

  A. swallow

  B. dispose

  C. consume

  D. exhaust

  3.【真题】It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and ___ knowledge.(1996.1)

  A. extensive

  B. expansive

  C. intensive

  D. expensive

  4.【真题】 He was ___ of having asked such a silly question.(1991.6)

  A. sorry

  B. guilty

  C. ashamed

  D. miserable

  5.【真题】 He made such a ____ contribution to the university that they are naming one of the new buildings after him.

  A. genuine

  B. minimum

  C. modest

  D. generous

  答案及解析

  1. 【解析】答案为B

  allowance津贴,补贴;budget预算;reservation保留,预定;finance财政,金融.

  【译文】明年的教育预算拨款将达到4亿美圆,比人们原先预计的多不少.

  budget

  n. 预算,预算拨款 vi.(for)作预算,作安排 vt.规划,安排 a.低廉的,收费公道的

  【联想】allowance n.津贴,补贴,零用钱;make allowance(s) for考虑到,顾及;体谅

  【搭配】budget for为……编预算/做准备;balance one’s budget量入为出,平衡预算;on a (tight)budget拮据的,缺钱的;within /below budget在预算内/低于预算

  2.【解析】答案为C

  swallow吞咽,吞没;dispose处理掉,处置;consume消费,消耗;exhaust用光,使筋疲力尽.

  【译文】在英国,人们每年要消耗的土豆达400万吨.

  consume

  vt.消耗,花费;吃完,喝光;(with)使着迷,充满;烧毁,毁灭

  【联想】consumption n.消费,消耗,挥霍;消费/耗量;consumer n.消费/耗者.用户 consume与exhaust, swallow均有”耗尽”之意.consume强调大量的消耗用尽,如:consume resources/time; exhaust指用光,而使没有或失去,如:exhaust one’s patience; swallow指用光,被一下子吞掉,如:swallow up all one’s savings.

  【搭配】be consumed with(指感情)被……吞噬

  3.【解析】答案为A

  extensive广阔的,广泛的,extensive knowledge指广博的知识面;expansive可扩大/扩展的;intensive密集的,集中的;expensive价格昂贵的.

  【译文】一名称职的教师需具备良好的举止和广博的知识.

  extension

  n.伸出,伸展,扩大;延长部分,扩大部分,扩建部分;电话分机,分机号码

  【联想】extensive a.广大的,广阔的;广泛的,大量的;extensively ad.前缀 ex-意为”向外”,in-意为”向内”,如:exclude ,include ; external ,internal; exterior, interior; extrovert, introvert

  【搭配】extension to sth. 为/对……的增加/扩建

  4.【解析】答案为C

  be sorry about/for对……感到抱歉/遗憾;be guilty of因……感到内疚/有罪;be ashamed of为……感到羞愧;feel miserable对……感到痛苦/悲惨/可怜.

  【译文】他为问了这样一个愚蠢的问题而感到羞愧.

  miserable

  a.痛苦的,悲惨的,可怜的;令人难受(或痛苦)的

  【联想】misery n.痛苦,苦恼,苦难;悲惨的境遇,贫苦. miserable与wretch均有”悲惨的”之意.miserable指由于贫穷或不幸导致的痛苦,悲惨境遇,令人同情;wretch指由于表面贫困,肮脏,瘦弱使觉得悲惨,含轻视,怜悯之意.

  【搭配】be miserable from…因……而痛苦

  5.【解析】答案为D

  genuine真诚的;minimum最低的;modest谦逊的;generous慷慨的.

  【译文】他给了那所大学非常慷慨的捐助,所以他们以他的名字命名其中一座大楼.

  modest

  a.谦虚的,谦逊的;适中的,适度

  【联想】modest与humble均有”谦逊的”之意.modest强调虚心程度,不自吹自擂;humble指把自己置于低于他人的位置上以示谦恭,如:my humble opinion.

  【搭配】be modest about sth对……表示谦虚