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跨文化交际名词解释

百分网【名词解释】 编辑:陆玉梅 发布时间:2017-04-09 22:16:09

1. Globalization is considered as a process of increasing involvment in international business operations.

经济学视角中的全球化表现为不断增加的国际商务往来过程。

2. Macroculture :The term macroculture implies losing ethnic differences and forming one large society.

宏观文化意味着种族差异的消失和一个大社会的形成。

3. Melting pot means a sociocultural assimilation of people of different backgrounds and nationlities.

熔炉:不同背景和国籍的人们之间的社会文化的同化。

4. Microcultures:cultures within cultures

微观文化:文化中的文化

5. Intercultural communication refers to communication between people whose culture perceptions and symbol systems are distinct enough to alter the communication event. 跨文化交际:指拥有不同文化认知和符号体系的人文之间进行的交际。

Chapter 1

6. Culture is a learned set of shared interpretations about beliefs,values,and norms,which affect the behavior of a relatively large group of people.

文化是习得的一套关于信仰,价值观,规范的公认的解释,这些信仰,价值观,规范对相当大人类群体的行为产生影响。

7. Culture identity refers to one's sense of belonging to a particular culture or ethnic group. 文化身份:指有意识地把自己归为某一特定文化或种族群体。

8. Subculture are formed by groups of people possessing characteristic traits that set apart and distinguish them from others within a larger society or dominant culture.

亚文化:具有能在更大的一个社会范围内或主流文化中使自己有别于他人的特点的人类群体所形成的文化。

9. Subgroup are groups with the dominant culture does not agree and with which it has communication problems.

亚群体:与主流文化不一致,并与主流文化有交际障碍的交际群体。

10. Rules may refers to socially agreed-on behavior or to individual guidelines for behavior. 规则:社会认同的行为或行为的个体原则。

11. Norms are culturally ingrained principles of correct and incorrect behaviors which, if broken carry a form of overt or covert penalty.

规范指的是正确和不正确行为根深蒂固的文化原则,这种不正确的行为一旦发生,就意味着一种显性或隐性的处罚。

Chapter 2

12. Enculturation is the socialization process you go through to adapt to your society. 社会文化适应:人们学习适应自己所在社会的文化的社会化过程。

13. Acculturation refers to an individual's learning and adopting the norms and values of the new host culture.

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