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4级高频词汇

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4级高频词汇

1、appoint vt.任命;约定

She’s been appointed to the post of sales director.

2、delay vt.&vi.&n.耽搁;拖延;延迟的时间

They delay ed publishing the report until after the election.

3、shift vt.&vi.&n.移动;转动;改变;转换;轮班

I shifted into top gear.

4、cancel vt.取消;删除

The match had to be cancelled owing to the bad weather.

5、join vt. 加入;连接

Will you join me for a drink?

6、contain vt.容纳;包含;抑制

Doctors are struggling to contain the disease.

7、transplant vt.&n.移栽;移植;迁移;移植(手术);移植的器官

The surgeon has done several heart transplants.

8、event n.事件;比赛的项目

The next event will be the 100metros race.

9、store n.&vi.&vt.商店;储存;仓库;存储;储备

Why don’t you tell him instead of storing up hatred against him?

10、various a.各种各样的;多方面的

For various reason I’d prefer not to meet him.

11、liberal a.开明的;自由的

The church has become more liberal in this century.

12、optional a.可以任选的;非强制的

The car radio is an optional extra.

13、last a.&ad.&vi.刚过去的;最后的;上一次;最后;持续;维持

This food will only last three days.

14、significant a.有异议的;重要的;重大的

There is a significant improvement in the company’s safety record.

15、alike a.&ad.相同的;想象的(指用作表语);同样的

There is a training course for employed and unemployed alike.

Practice2

1、 appreciate vt.感激;欣赏;领会

I’d appreciate it if you would turn the radio down.

2、 secure a.&vt.安全的;放心的;获得;保卫

Extra men are needed to secure the camp against attack.

3、 disturb vt.扰乱;妨碍;使不安

A light wind disturbed the surf-ace of the water.

4、 confuse vt.使混乱;混淆

I’m always confusing John with Paul.

5、 earn vt.赚的;获得

He earned a lot of praise from the pa-pe-rs for his smart deeds.

6、 punish vt.惩罚;处罚

The teacher punished them for their rudeness.

7、 overlook vt. 忽略;俯视;宽容

I’ll overlook your mistake this time.

8、 suit n.&vt. 一套衣服;诉讼;适合;相配

That color doesn’t suit her.

9、 reveal vt.揭露;泄露;展现;显示

The investigation has revealed some faults in the system.

10、witnen.&v.目击者;见证人;目击;为……作证

The 1980s have witnessed increasing unemployment.

11、solution n.答案;解决方法;溶解(作用);溶液

They finally came up with a solution.

12、frequency n.次数;频率;经常发生;频繁

The frequency of accidents has forced the government to lower the speed limit.

13、interval n. 间隔;间歇;(幕间或中场)休息

Tomorrow it will be mostly cloudy, with a few sunny intervals.

14、primary a.首要的;基本的;最初的;初级的

The primary purpose of his visit is to improve trading relations.

15、guilty a.有罪的;内疚的

I feel very guilty about forgetting to post your letter.

Practice 3

1、 tolerate vt.容忍;容许;宽容

I won’t tolerate your bad manners any longer.

2、suppose vt.认为;猜想;(祈使句中)让;假设;(被动态中)期望;应该

She was commonly supposed (to be) extremely rich.

3、acquire vt.取得;获得;学到

I managed to acquire two tickets for the concert.

4、differ vt.(-from)和……不同;(-with)与……意见不同

Their house differs from mine in having no dining room.

5、furnish vt.为……配备加剧;(-with)提供;供应

It is costly to furnish our new flat.

6、haste n.急速;急忙

In his haste, he forgot to take his umbrella.

7、luxury n.奢华;奢侈品

Cream cakes are a luxury in our house.

8、jungle n.(热带的)丛林;密林;使人迷惑而且杂乱的大量事物

There are many kinds of jungle animals.

9、enormous a.巨大的;庞大的

He gained an enormous mount of money in the business.

10、urgent a.紧迫的;紧要的

It’s not urgent, it can wait until tomorrow.

11、vivid a. (光线、色彩)鲜亮的,醒目的;逼真的

The film star wears a vivid red hair.

12、similar a.相似的;类似的

He was advised not to eat bread cake, and other similar foods.

13、artificial a.人工的;假的;矫揉造作的

She welcomed me with an artificial smile.

14、advisable a.可取的;明智的

It is advisable to wear a safety belt when you’re driving.

15、equivalent a.&n. (-to)相等的;相同的;等同物;等价物

Changing his job is equivalent to firing him.

Practice 4

1、 surround vt.围绕;包围

The whole affair is surrounded by controversy.

2、wreck n.&vt.失事船只(残骸);破灭;(常被动态)使遇到海滩

We were wrecked off the coast of Africa.

3、charge n.&v.价钱;指控;主管;电荷;充电;要价;指控;充电;冲锋

How much do you charge for a double room?

4、assevt.估价;评定

He’s so lazy that it’s difficult to asses his ability.

5、annoy vt.使烦恼;打搅

I was annoyed with him because he kept interrupting.

6、coordinate a.&vt.&n.并列的;等同的;协调;调节;坐标

We used a computer to coordinate the marketing campaign.

7、abuse vt.&n.辱骂;滥用;刻薄的话;滥用;妄用;虐-待

I’m afraid the system is open to abuse.

8、scenery n.风景;景色;舞台;布景

We passed through some beautiful scenery on our journey.

9、routine a.& n.惯常的;例行的;惯例;常规;例行公事

She longed to escape from the old familiar routine.

10、nuisance n.令人讨厌的人或事

It is a nuisance having to go back home to get my ticket.

11、minimum n .&a. 最小量;最低限度;最小数的;最低点的

He smokes a minimum of ten cigarettes a day.

12、battery n.电池(组);电瓶;一组(器具等);炮兵连

The car won’t start because the battery has lost all its power.

13、tame a.&vt 驯服的;由人驯养的;驯服

Only the tame horse can be ridden on.

14、progressive a.不断前进的;先进的;逐渐的

This is a progressive firm that uses the most modern systems.

15、applicable a.适合的;适用的

The rule is only applicable to UK citizens.

Practice 5

1、motivate v.促动;激发

There is little to motivate these kids to work hard at school.

2、omit vt.省去;略去;忽略

In writing this report I have omitted all unnecessary details.

3、refusal n.拒绝;谢绝

My offer met with a polite refusal.

4、perspective n.视角;观点

The new evidence put an entirely different perspective on the case.

5、 series n.一系列;连续;丛书

This is the latest in a series of proposals on arms limitation.

6、scholarship n.奖学金

She won a scholarship to Oxford.

7、ribbon n.缎带;丝带

She wore red ribbons in her hair.

8、patient a.&n.有耐心的;忍耐的;病人

You should have been more patient with that customer.

9、purchase vt.&n.购买;购物;购得物

The purchasing power of the dollar has declined.

10、vigorous a.将有力的;有活力的

The minister made a vigorous defense of the government policies.

11、specific a.明确的;具体的

She gave us very specific instructions.

12、stable n.&a.马厮;畜舍;稳固的;安定的

The ladder isn’t very stable.

13、responsible a.负有责任的;可靠的;需对(事、人)负责的

Who’s responsible for this terrible mess?

14、original a.&n.最初的;独特新颖的;原件;原物;原著

The original owner of the house was a Frenchman.

15、instant a.&n.即刻发生的;即时的;(一般用单数)片刻;刹那

I took an instant dislike to him.

Practice 6

1. highlight vt.&n.使显著;使注意力集中于;最精彩的部分(场面)

He gave us several facts that highlight the need for change.

2. amuse vt.使开心;使发笑;给……提供娱乐

His silly jokes amused the children.

3. classify vt.把……分级(分类);把……分为

The scientists classify the animals into several types.

4. insert vt.插入;放入

He inserted a key in the lock of the front door.

5. manufacture vt.&n.(尤指用机器大量)制造;制造

This firm manufactures cars.

6. pitch vt.&n.扎(营);为……定音高;投,扔;球场;音调;程度

This song is pitched too high for my voice.

7. journal n.(专业团体办的)定期刊物,杂质;日记,日志

The British Medical Journal

8. comment n.&vt.评论;评注;vi.(-on)评论发表意见

He made several unfavorable comments about his boss.

9. neglect vt.&n.忽略,忽视;忽略,疏忽;被忽略的状况

The garden has fallen into a state of neglect.

10. request n.&vt.要求;请求;需要

They have made an urgent request for international aid.

11. ratio n.笔;比例;比率

The ratio of nurses to doctors in2:1.

12. mixture n.混合物;混合;合计

His excuse is a mixture of amusement and disbelief.

13. hostile a.怀有敌意的;敌方的

The prime minister was given a hostile reception.

14. peculiar a.奇怪的,异常的;特有的

This meat tastes peculiar. I hope it’s all right.

15. fruitful a.成功的;富有成效的

It was a fruitful meeting.

Practice 7

1、 convert vt.&vi .&n.(使)转变,转换;改变信仰;改变信仰者

This sofa converts into a bed.

2、adopt vi.&vt.收养;采纳,采用;采取

U.S.A adopts a tough attitude to the terrorists.

3、resist vi.&vt.抵抗,对抗;不受……的损害;忍住

He was charged with resisting arrest.

4、deny vt.否认,否定;拒绝给予,不准

He was denied the chance of going to university.

5、pace n.&vi.&vt.步速;步子;步法;踱步(于),步测

I think the room is ten meters long; I’ll pace it (out)

6、incline vt.&n.影响;(使)倾向于;有……趋势;曲(身);斜坡,斜面

Her arguments incline me towards a different view of the matter.

7、maintain vt.维持;维修;保养;坚持主张;赡养;维持……的存在

The railway lines have to be constantly maintained.

8、display vt.&n.陈列,展出;流露;显示;展览;表现;陈列品

The goods were on display in the shop window.

9、inhabitant n.居民;栖居的动物

This big city has 6 million inhabitants.

10、suburb n.郊区,近郊;城郊

Blackheath is a suburb of London.

11、awkward a.笨拙的;不便操作的;尴尬的,棘手的;不协作的

They’ve bee n asking some very awkward questions.

12、marvelous a.奇妙的,很好的

What marvelous weather.

13、outstanding a.接触的,优秀的;未解决的

He is an outstanding young musician.

14、conservative a.守旧的,不赶时髦的,谨慎的。

At a conservative estimate, the holiday will cost $300.

15、slight a.轻微的,微小的,脆弱的

I have the slightest idea what you’re talking about.

Practice 8

1、 amount n.&.vi.总数,总量,数量,(-to)达到,等于

Her reply amounts to a refusal.

2、 postpone vt.使延期,推迟

We postpone ma-ki-ng a decision.

3、 revise vt.改变,修正,审(稿),修订,校订

He revised the manuscript of his book.

4、 decrease vt &vi .减少,降低,减少,减少之量

They’re ma-ki-ng efforts to decrease military spending.

5、 investigate vt.&vi .调查,控究,查明

The doctors decided to investigate the cause of cancer.

6、 virtue n.美德,高尚的道德,优点

Among her many virtues are loyalty, courage, and trustfulness.

7、 appearance n.出现,显露 ,外表,外观

She’s made a number of appearances on television.

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